Unfortunately, more erroneous data was given in the 1910 Jackson County, Oklahoma census showed JOHN Harrison Penland's mother was born in Georgia, when, in fact, she claimed to have been born in Tennessee in the 1870 Polk County, Tennessee  census. The youngest brother, JOSEPH HENRY PENLAND, moved to Texas  by the 1910 Donley County, Texas census.    He died on 26 November 1936 due to heart problems.

Enumerated 18-19 April 1910 (113)

Supervisor’s District No. 4, Enumeration District No. 206, Sheet No. 2B:
40  41Penland, James F. HeadM  W  54  M  21  TN  U.S. U.S.  General Farm
Martha L.WifeFW45M21  11   10  TNTNTN
William F. SonMW18S                    TXTN      TN  Home Farm
Robert L.  SonMW15S                    TX      TN      TN  Home Farm
Oscar F.   SonMW14S                    TXTNTN
Eugene    SonMW10S                    OKTNTN
Lillie A.          DauFW    7      S                    OKTNTN
Alta O.     DauFW    5S                      OKTNTN
Owen      SonMW    2S                      OKTNTN


James F. Penland  born (in Tennessee): 4 December 1855  died: 22 October 1932 at age 77
Martha L. Penland (wife)   born: 31 August 1865      died: 11 August 1938 at age 73
Robert Lee Penland (son)  born: 25 August 1894     died: 11 January 1919 at age 25

                         1910 CENSUS:   JACKSON COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
Enumerated 4 May 1910 (51)

Supervisor’s District No. 5, Enumeration District No. 135, Sheet No. 6B:
107  107Penland, Harrison HeadM42M15TNTNGAGeneral Farm
Mary L.   WifeF32M1576TXALGA
Richard  SonM14STXALGA
Mattie M.DauF13STXALGA
[?] L.        SonM 8STXALGA
Bessie B. DauF 6SOKALGA
Odie O.     DauF 4SOKALGA
Elizabeth F.   DauF 1SOKALGA
Jessie Nephew   M19     STXALGAFarm Labor

                          1910 CENSUS:   DONLEY COUNTY, TEXAS
Enumerated 25 April 1910 (113)

Supervisor’s District No. 13, Enumeration District No. 104, Sheet No. 5A:
41  41Penland, Joseph H. HeadMW38M13TNNCNCGeneral Farm
Maggie M.WifeFW36M1398TXNCTN
Clarence SonMW11STXTNTX
Rannie    SonMW10      SOKTNTX
Guy W.     SonMW 8      SOKTNTX
Judy E.    DauFW 3 STXTNTX
Irene DauFW 3  STXTNTX
Nettie M. DauFW 2  STXTNTX
Susie DauFW  11/12S

                                     JOHN HARRISON PENLAND
                                                (1877 - 1947)

Not to be confused with his uncle (after whom he was likely named), JOHN HARRISON PENLAND was the oldest of the ten children (only eight of which survived birth) born to NOAH PENLAND and THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG.  He was born in Servilla, Polk County, Tennessee on 16 January 1877. 

Historical Note: Just eight days earlier, on 8 January 1877, Crazy Horse and his Sioux Indian warriors fought their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain in Montana Territory.

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND first appeared as a two year-old in the 1880 Polk County, Tennessee census.

                             1880 CENSUS:   POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Enumerated 23 June 1880 (28)

Supervisor’s District No. 2, Page 16:
234  235Pendlane, Noah [Head of household]22MFarmerTN
Thena E.28FWife Keeping HouseTNTNTN
Jno. H.      2     MSon                             TNTNTN
Mary J.     1FDaughter                          TNTNTN

No other record of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND can be found until the Spanish-American War in 1898.  The war between Spain and the United States started after the American demand for Spain's peaceful resolution of the Cuban fight for independence was rejected, though strong expansionist sentiment in the United States motivated the government to target Spain's remaining overseas territories: Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Guam and the Caroline Islands.

Riots in Havana by pro-Spanish "Voluntarios" gave the United States a reason to send in the warship USS Maine to indicate high national interest. Tension among the American people was raised because of the explosion of the USS Maine on  15 February 1898, and "yellow journalism" that accused Spain of extensive atrocities, agitating American public opinion.

The war began on 25 April 1898, and on 29 June 1898 JOHN HARRISON PENLAND enlisted as a volunteer in Company D of the 6th Regiment of U.S. Army Volunteers. 

The war ended after decisive naval victories for the United States in the Philippines and Cuba.  On 12 August 1898, only 109 days after the outbreak of war, the Treaty of Paris, which ended the conflict, gave the United States control, among other territories, of the former Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam.

On 17 August 1898, five days after the war ended,  JOHN HARRISON PENLAND was tried by a Summary Court and was fined $5.00 (which was deducted from his pay) for “leaving the ranks without permission” during a regimental training drill. According to the Summary Court record, he “did commit a nuisance by falling out of ranks and urinating upon said parade ground, contrary to good order and discipline.”  His military record further recorded that in January 1899 he again was tried by a Summary Court, this time fined only $2.00 (which was also deducted from his pay).  No details were given on this particular offense, other than it was a violation of the same Article of War as his previous fine.  He was, after all, just a farm boy from the hills of Tennessee. 

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s short military record summarized he served during the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico and the United States.  In fact, John was on board a ship headed to Puerto Rico when the war ended.  He was discharged on          15 March 1899 with the following remark on his service record: “service honest and faithful.”  It seems two minor infractions were not held against his overall service record.

One of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s sisters, MAGGIE PENLAND, married GEORGE BUCKNER in Polk County, Tennessee on  18 July 1899.  Following GEORGE BUCKNER’s death, she married S.R. Downey. 

Following his service in the army, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND found work as a laborer in a local lumber yard, then became a machinist for the Louisville & Nashville (L&N) Railroad.  This lie of railroad, the first to be built and operated in Polk County, was first known as the Marietta & North Georgia Railroad.  It was constructed about the years 1888-1889.

A Polk County resident once told of an interesting trip along the L&N railroad.  “There is one trip I shall never forget.  It was in September 1901.  Our train had reached the loop, and higher and higher we climbed on curves of steel until we had almost reached the top, when all at once the train began to slow up and finally stopped.  There was not a word spoken by any of the passengers for - well, it seemed an hour, but it was only a minute or two, when someone asked:  ‘What have we stopped for?’ and someone answered, ‘McKinley’s funeral.’”(46)

Six months prior to President William McKinley’s funeral, on 18 March 1901, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND married TINE WILLIAMS in Polk County, Tennessee.  TINE WILLIAMS was an Eastern Band Cherokee Indian.  She was 16 years old and he was 24.  She was the granddaughter of NATHANIEL BURCHFIELD (whose grandfather was alleged to be the Cherokee Chief OOWAHOOSKI) and JULIA CAROLINE MASHBURN (the granddaughter of the Cherokee Indian, JESSE MASHBURN).   

GENEALOGIST NOTE: TINE WILLIAMS was sometimes referred to by the nickname “TINIE” or “TINEY” in official documents.  It is said that the oldest daughter, EULA MAE PENLAND, insisted in putting it on certain documents after TINE died.  Neither of her other children agreed and they had been around TINE her entire life, whereas EULA had not.

America’s national prohibition of the illegal manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages did not occur until 1920-1933.  However, during the 1890-1920 “Progressive Era,” hostility towards alcohol became politically widespread.  The Anti-Saloon League and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union were two influential advocates of prohibition at this time.  Illicit moonshine distilleries were certainly not tolerated, and therefore frequently raided.  On   6 March 1904, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND found this out the hard way.

                                         Illicit Distillery Raided
                             Knoxville,  Tenn.,  March  6.—Revenue 
                             officers  returned  tonight  from  a raid  made
                             in  the  mountains  of  Polk  County,   where
                             they destroyed a fifty-gallon illicit distillery 
                             and  arrested  James Penland  and James
                             Williams  while  they  were  at  work.   Penland
                                   was  a  Spanish-American  war  soldier,
                                serving   in   the   Sixth   Immunes,  United
                                              States  Volunteer  Infantry.

          (newspaper source: Galveston Daily News, Texas, 7 March 1904.)

GENEALOGIST NOTE: The above newspaper article wrongly identified “James Penland” as one of the men arrested when, in fact, it was JOHN PENLAND.  This conclusion was drawn from these three facts: following this incident, the 1910 Polk County, Tennessee Census listed only two Penland families, that of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and his mother THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND; the other person arrested, 15 year-old JAMES WILLIAMS, was the brother of TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND (JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s brother-in-law); there were only two Penlands from Tennessee who served in the Spanish-American War, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and  JOSEPH S. PENLAND (and only JOHN lived in Polk County and served in the Sixth United States Volunteer Infantry).

During a visit to Oklahoma, on 20 July 1904, EULA MAE PENLAND (JOHN and TINE PENLAND’s first child) was born in a town called Tishamingo, in what would later be a part of Johnston County, Oklahoma.  JOHN and TINE were almost assuredly visiting JOHN’s uncle, JAMES FREELAND PENLAND, who was listed in nearby Murray County, Oklahoma in the 1910 census.  Why were they on this trip?? Perhaps JOHN HARRISON PENLAND sought to remove his family from the trouble following his illicit moonshine arrest??  Was JOHN HARRISON PENLAND in jail and therefore TINE travelled alone to give birth?? 

GENEALOGIST NOTE:  JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s other uncle, also named JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, was living further west in Jackson County, Oklahoma in the 1910 census, while his uncle  JOSEPH HENRY PENLAND was living in Donley County, Texas.  The interesting thing about the 1904 Oklahoma visit is that it happened when TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND was many months pregnant.  Roads at that time were little more than trails and it was difficult to go anywhere, much less travelling almost a thousand miles.  Although by the time John & Tine moved their family to Oklahoma in 1921, he had uncles living in southwestern Oklahoma, there was never any mention of them, nor were there any known family visits with any of them.  As late as the date of TINE’s death in November 1977, none of their grandchildren had ever heard that they had relatives in Oklahoma.

After JOHN and TINE PENLAND returned to Tennessee, they had six more children (only two of which survived birth).

On 19 August 1907, TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND filed an application to officially be recognized as part Cherokee Indian under the 1909 Eastern Cherokee Roll (Guion Miller Roll).  The purpose of TINE PENLAND’s application was to claim a share of the funds appropriated by an Act of Congress and approved on 30 June 1906 in accordance with the Court of Claims of  18 May 1905 and 28 May 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokee.

Her claim was through her mother’s family, the BURCHFIELDs.  TINE’s mother was BETTIE BIRCHFIELD.  BETTIE’s father’s name was NATHAN  BURCHFIELD.     NATHAN BURCHFIELD was married to JULIA MASHBURN.  Her father was WILLIAM MASHBURN, and his father was JESSE MASHBURN, the Cherokee Indian.  Thus, the BURCHFIELD family, by relation to the MASHBURN family, had enrolled for a share of the appropriated funds and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND was attempting to do the same.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: May need to investigate a copy of application #36529 (which was filed by Nancy Dennis, page 80) and compare it to TINE PENLAND’s application to determine the validity of the U.S. Government’s rejection. But, I think this was a type-o!

The application of TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND was ultimately rejected, with the note: “Granddaughter of [application] 36529 claims the same source.”  Apparently this was a typographical error.  The application number in question was actually 35629; the application of NATHANIEL BURCHFIELD, uncle of her maternal grandfather, NATHAN BURCHFIELD??

Why?? TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND filed her MASHBURN Indian bloodline through her maternal grandmother, JULIA MASHBURN, and not her BURCHFIELD Indian bloodline through her maternal grandfather, NATHAN BURCHFIELD, is unknown.  Perhaps proving the BURCHFIELD Indian bloodline was much more problematic. 

Here’s how the Burchfield story goes...
Wilson 'Wils' Burchfield was in Carter County, Tennessee during the 1850 Census.  He and his wife, Elizabeth Baker, arrived in the Cades Cove area shortly before the Civil War (probably about 1860).  Wils chose to settle in what was later called Chestnut Flats, an area at the southwest end of Cades Cove.  A lover of sports and of the wilds, Wils loved to get as far away from civilization as possible.  Among his most prized possessions was a flintlock rifle which he named 'Old Bean' after the manufacturer, Bacter Bean.  Wils built his cabin just under Gregory Bald in the heart of the Great Smokies to escape any contact with the cove people.  Hating and avoiding contact with any form of institutional life...churches, schools, etc., he cleared his land and grew crops and hunted wild game to support his large family, in complete isolation from the mainstream of the cove people.  In 1873, he purchased the George M. Shields grant in the Chestnuts Flats.  (from "The Life and Death of a Southern Appalachian Community" by Durwood Dunn)

Wilson made a land entry for 5,000 acres which was on the north slope of the Smokies, including the Tennessee side of both balds.  It was approved (#1779, in Blount, Tennessee, dated the 21 November 1884).  He later assigned the grant to his sons, Ezekiel and Samuel.  On 26 February 1887, Ezekiel and Samuel were granted the 5,000 acres, by the State of Tennessee. (source: Land Grant, Tennessee State Archives)

In the condemnation proceedings to acquire property for the "Great Smokey Mountains National Park" (which would include Cades Cove), Chief OOWAHOOSKEE (pronounced as it appears) had taken a Cherokee Reservation grant number 198 on 21 July 1819.  That grant included the same 5,000 acres later claimed by Wilson Burchfield (Blount County entry number 1783 on 21 November 1884).  Later, Wilson's sons Ezekiel and Samuel claimed it as grant number 42061 on 26 February 1887.  Still later, in 1925, Nathan (Wilson's brother Samuel 'Long  Hair's’ son) claimed title to the same land from a treaty  of 1783, wherein Congress ceded title to the Cherokees for five million acres between the Tennessee and Holston Rivers and the crest of the Smokey Mountains, now the state line. 

Samuel appeared in the 1860 Monroe County, Tennessee census.

According to the 10 June 1899 edition of the Maryville Times, WILSON’s son, SAM “Long Hair” BURCHFIELD was arrested and charged with murder for the shooting death of George Powell, Jr. in December of 1897. (Powell was the nephew of George W. Powell, Sr. who married a Mary Ann Burchfield born 1834).  Sam and son-in-law Hale Hughes had conspired to kill Powell because he had given testimony against parties accused of making moonshine whiskey.  Hale Hughes was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.  Hale had written a letter in 1899 which he admitted he and Sam had conspired to kill Powell.  According to him, Sam shot Powell but said that if Powell had come by his position - he would have shot him.  It was well known that even closely related people routinely betrayed each other.  Illegal distilling was a highly competitive business and illustrates how there was a complete collapse of all law or social order in Chestnut Flats. 

A description of SAM “Long Hair” BURCHFIELD in the Maryville Times said:   Sam Burchfield is a man of 60 years of age, according to his own story, although he does not look it.  He is over 6 feet tall, has long coal black hair and a bushy head and moustache of the same color.  He keeps his hair curled and takes as much pride in it as any woman.  He has been, we are reliably informed, a well known moonshiner, and has been up before the Federal Court a number of times and found guilty. 

Samuel claimed to be from the Cherokee Indian bloodline and his enrollment number was 37421.

In early 1905 Nathan’s brother Ezekial died and his wife remarried.  She left their seven children with Nathan to raise.  During an enrollment of the Cherokees, Nathan  was  listed as number 36315  and he listed himself as the Nephew of  Nathaniel, an older son of Wilson whose number was 35629  (reference: M1104 - roll  284  microfilm)  Servilla, Tennessee.   Nathaniel was a Cherokee Indian and his enrollment number was 36315.  Nathaniel was a Cherokee Indian and his enrollment number was 37423?????

In NATHAN BURCHFIELD’s petition, submitted 23 November 1925 for he, his wife and nine children, he asked for a pro-rata share of the 1,500,000 acres of land he said had been granted to his great grandfather,  OOWAHOOSKEE,  an Eastern Band Indian.  He claimed that on 21 July 1819 OOWAHOOSKEE had been taken to Cherokee Reservation #195 in Tennessee (in Tillico River) in Monroe County, Tennessee. (This information is found in the Deeds Book 96, pp 489-90. It was filed in Knox County, Tennessee).  In addition, he said the full blood Cherokee Indian, Isaac Davis was another great grandfather and Elvina Davis was a paternal grandmother as would be shown in the Roll of 1852 of the Eastern Band of the North Carolina Cherokee Indians. Nathan 'Nate' Burchfield had built a cabin on the crest of the Smokie Mountains, between Parson's and Gregory Balds.  His claimed title included 5,000 acres of land on the Tennessee side of the mountain.

The courts held that none of the claims were valid.  In the Attorney's papers indicated OOWAHOOSKEE’s claim was indeed valid but the Burchfields holding the property could not show legal ownership (documentary proof) of descent.  Therefore, the Thompson grant which was otherwise inferior to OOWAHOOSKEE’s  claim was deemed valid.  The Lumber Companies eventually won the right to cut the trees for lumber.  

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and family were still living in Polk County, Tennessee in the 1910 census, along with his mother THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG and brother WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, who were together in another house not far away.

                   1910 CENSUS:  POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Civil District Number 1
Enumerated 5 May 1910 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 157, Sheet No. 12B:
209 223Pendland, Elizabeth HeadFW55Wd108TNTNVANone
                   William D.              SonMW 18S         TNNCTNStackerLumber Yard

Enumerated 5 May 1910 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 157, Sheet No. 13B:
237 252Pendland, John HeadMW33M102TNTNTNLabor  Lumber Yard
TinieWifeFW          24?M                        102     TNTNTN
Eula DauFWM            5 S                              TNTNTN
Nora DauFW               2 S                                   TNTNTN
[Armstrong?], Burton  Boarder  M   W  21     S                            TNUNUN?Labor  Plaining Mill
JacksonBoarderMW19S                           TNUNUN?LaborPlaining Mill

GENEALOGIST NOTE: EULA MAE PENLAND was listed in this census as being born in Tennessee, but she was actually born in Oklahoma.  The next census (1920 McMinn County, Tennessee census) recorded it correctly.

Between 1910 and the enumeration of the 1920 census, the family of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND had moved from Polk County to McMinn County, Tennessee.  JOHN’s mother was now living with him, and his brother, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, was living nearby with a family of his own. 

                         1920 CENSUS:   McMINN COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Enumerated 5 January 1920 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 58, Sheet No. 6B:
X   95 125Penland, William D.HeadM28MTNNCUnkn.Mach. Help. L&N shop
Hattie     Wife F25       MNCNCSCNone
Luther C.SonM4 11/12STNTNNCNone
Earnest M.   SonM3 10/12STNTNNCNone
Beecher SonM11/12   STNTNNCNone

Enumerated 13-14 January 1920 (53)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 58, Sheet No. 23B:
419462 534Penland, John H.HeadM45MTNTNTNMachinist L&N shop
TineWife     F34MTNTNTNNone
Eula M.Dau F15SOKTNTNNone
NoraDau     F12 STNTNTNNone
JamesSon M7   STNTNTNNone
ElizabethMotherF  66WdTNTNVANone

GENEALOGIST NOTE: JOHN and WILLIAM were brothers living in the same county in this census, practically right next door to each other, and yet conflicting details were given regarding their parents (NOAH PENLAND and THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG).  JOHN HARRISON PENLAND correctly reported NOAH and THENIE were both born in Tennessee, while WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND reported NOAH was born in North Carolina, and did not know where his mother THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG was born (even though she was living nearby in his brother’s house).

In 1921, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND were still living in McMinn County.  McMinn County Courthouse records showed them buying land in June, and then selling the same land in August, just two months later.  The reason for the quick buy/sell is unknown.

C.F. Sexton & wife|
To|For and in consideration of the sum of Nine Hundred and Fifty dollars
J.H. Penland|of which Two hundred dollars is cash in hand to us paid,  the receipt of which  is  hereby  acknowledged  and  10 notes of  even date herewith for  $ $75.00 each with interest from date Due in  3-6-9-12-18-21-24-27  &  30  months from date and to secure the  payment of said  notes an  express lien  is hereby retained  on the property here conveyed.   We C. F. Sexton  and  wife  Linch Sexton  have granted,  bargained, sold and conveyed and do hereby grant,  bargain,  sell and convey  unto  J. H. Penland  his heirs and assigns the following described tract or parcel of land,  towit;  sit uated in the  3” Civil District of McMinn County,  Tennessee:  and described as follows Beginning at the  Corporation line on Alabama Avenue  and running  thence  North  with the road to  J. H. Milligans  line thence west with  J. H. Milligans  to  Frank Carlock’s  corner thence South with the Carlock line to John Graves  line thence East with  Graves  and  Sexton  line to the beginning corner containing two acres  more or less  with the  hereditaments and appurtenances  thereto  appertaining, hereby
releasing all claims to  Homestead  and  Dower therein  To Have And To Hold  the said premises to the said  J. H. Penland  his  heirs  and assigns forever  we hereby covenant with the said J. H. Penland  that we are lawfully seized and possessed of  the  above  described  premises have a  good and lawful right  to sell and convey the same and that  they  are  unencumbered and we  C. F. Sexton  and  wife  Linch Sexton  do further covenant and bind ourselves our heirs and our  personal representatives  to warrant and  forever defend  the  title of said premises to  J. H. Penland  his heirs  and assigns forever  against the  lawful claims of all persons whomsoever Witness  my  hands  this  the 6” day of June 1921
                                                                                  C. F. Sexton
                                                                                Linch Sexton

State of Tennessee|ss
McMinn County|Personally appeared before me J. P. Thompson a Notary Public in and for said County and State  C. F. Sexton  and wife  Linch Sexton  the within named bargainers with  whom  I  am personally acquainted and who acknowledged that they executed the within Deed  on the day it bears date and for the purposes therein  expressed.  And  Linch Sexton wife of the said  C. F. Sexton  having  personally  appeared before me privately and apart from  her  said  husband  C. F. Sexton  acknowledged the said Deed to have been done by her freely.  voluntarily and understandingly,  without  compulsion or constraint from  her  husband and for the purposes  therein  expressed  Witness my hand and  Notarial  Seal  at office this 6
day of  June  1921  My commission commenced  Oct 5  1921 and will expire Oct 5  1924.

                         J. P. Thompson Notary Public

State of Tennessee|
McMinn County|11;45 A.M. O;Clock  February 20th 1922  Then was the foregoing deed
with Notary Public seal and certificate received in my office noted in note  Book E  on
page 332  and  Registered in  Deed Book 3-H Vol 2  on page 246 Tax paid
   WE Graw[?]Register

J. H. Penland & wife| For and in consideration of the sum of Nine Hundred and      To            fifty dollar of which Two Hundred dollars is cash in hand to us
H. C. Powell| paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged  and  the  Assump-
tion of 10 notes for $75.00 each payable to  S.F. Sexton  dated  June 6” 1921  due in  3-6-9- 12-15-18-24-27  &  30  months  from date with interest from date and to secure the payment of  said notes an express lien is hereby retained on the property  here  conveyed  We  J. H. Penland  and wife  Tinie Penland  have granted,  bargained,  sold and conveyed and do hereby grant,  bargain, sell and convey unto  H. C. Powell  his heirs  and assigns,  the following described tract or parcel of land,  towit;   situated  in  the 3 Civil District of McMinn County, Tennessee;  and described as follows  Beginning at the  Corporation line  on Alabama Avenue and running thence  North  with the road  to  J. H. Milligans  line thence west with J. H. Milligans  line to  Frank Carlock’s  corner thence South with the  Carlock line to  John Graves line thence East with  Graves  and  Sexton  line  to the beginning corner containing two acres more or  less  with  hereditaments  and  appurtenances  there  to  appertaining hereby  releasing all claims  to  Homestead and Dower  therein  To Have and To Hold  the  said
premises to the  said  H. C. Powell  his heirs  and  assigns  forever we hereby covenant with the  said  H. C. Powell  that that we are lawfully seized  and  possessed of the above  described premises,  have a good and lawful right  to sell and convey the same  and  that  they  are unincumbered  and we  J. H. Penland  and  wife  Tinie Penland  do further covenant and bind our selves  our  heirs and our  personal  representatives  to warrant  and  forever defend the title of  said  premises to  H. C. Powell  heirs and assigns  forever against  the lawful claims of all  persons  whomsoever  Witness  our  hands this the  10 day of Aug  1921

                                            J. H.X. Penland
                                            Tinie X Penland
           (NOTE:  John & Tine could not write their names so they made an  "X")

State of Tennessee|ss
McMinn County|Personally appeared before me J. P. Thompson a Notary Public in and for said County and State  J. H. Penland  and wife  Tinie Penland  the within named bargainers  with  whom I am personally acquainted  and  who acknowledged that they executed the within Deed on the day it bears date and for  the  purposes  therein  expressed  And Tinie Penland  wife of the said  J. H. Penland  having personally appeared before  me  privately apart from her said  husband  J. H. Penland  acknowledged  the  said  Deed  to  have  been done by her freely,  voluntarily and understandingly,  without  compulsion  or  constraint from her husband  and  for the purposes therein expressed.
Witness  my  hand  and  Notarial seal at office this  10” day of  Aug 1921  My commission commenced  Oct 5 1920 and will expire Oct 5 1924

                                         J. P. Thompson Notary Public

State of Tennessee|
McMinn County|11;45 O;Clock A.M. February 20th 1922 Then was the foregoing Deed with  Notary Public  seal  and certificate received in my office noted in note  Book E on page 332 and Registered in  Deed  Book 3-H  Vol 2 on page  247 Tax paid
   WE Graw[?]Register

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND were residing in the town of Etowah, Tennessee in McMinn County when JOHN applied for his Spanish-American War military pension on   1 April 1922.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: Previously unknown information was uncovered in JOHN’s military pension application, including the revelation JOHN and TINE had had seven children total between the years of 1904 and 1920.  Four of the children, MARY LOUISE PENLAND and   MARION LOUIS PENLAND (likely twins), JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, Jr., and BENJAMIN FRANKLIN PENLAND had all apparently died around childbirth.  Consequently, nothing was known (certainly not their names) by family members prior to the discovery of this series of documents.

The three surviving children of JOHN and TINE PENLAND were the following: EULA MAE PENLAND, NORA FRANCES PENLAND, and  JAMES WILSON PENLAND.

By 19 October 1922, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND had moved permanently to western Oklahoma, first living near the small town of Thomas.  From there, JOHN sent a handwritten note (likely not written by himself) to the United States Bureau of Pensions seeking help in locating a doctor who could examine him for the purposes of filing his military pension application.

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND next appeared in the 1930 Oklahoma census.  Their youngest child (and only son), JAMES WILSON PENLAND, was still living at home.  Also living in the household was JAMES’ cousin CLARENCE BUCKNER, son of GEORGE BUCKNER and MAGGIE PENLAND (JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s sister).

                       1930 CENSUS:   CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
Enumerated 23 April 1930 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 4, Enumeration District No. 20-10, Sheet No. 5B:
-  -  115Penland, John H. HeadM53TNTNTNFarmer
                                   TineWife  F44TNTNTNNone
                         James      Son  M17TNTNTNFarmerFarming
Buckner, ClarenceNephewM23TNTNTNFarmerFarming

GENEALOGIST NOTE: What’s the story behind Clarence (nephew)??  Where were his parents???

JOHN’s only brother, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, was still living in Tennessee in 1830.  This time he appeared in the Bradley County, Tennessee census.

                        1930 CENSUS:   BRADLEY COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Enumerated 16 April 1930 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 13, Enumeration District No. 6-2, Sheet No. 9B:
- 189 190Penland, William D.HeadM42TNNCTNCarpenterHouse                           Hattie F.     WifeF32NCNCSCNone
                                   Luther C. SonM17TNTNNCLaborer
                                      Earnest M. SonM14TNTNNCNone
                                    Beecher SonM11TNTNNCNone
                                            Ray SonM 8TNTNNCNone
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                                 William Jr.SonM 5SCTNNCNone
                                  Virginia A.DauF 3 3/12TNTNNCNone
                                    Orman G.SonM 1 2/12TNTNNCNone

GENEALOGIST NOTE: Unlike the 1920 census, WILLIAM this time correctly identified his mother’s place of birth as Tennessee.  However, he once again reported his father’s birthplace as North Carolina even though it was, in fact, Tennessee.  

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND lived out the rest of his days in Oklahoma, where the next generation of this Penland lineage would also live.  On 2 November 1947, a Sunday evening, JOHN was walking in his back yard and suffered a sudden massive heart attack and died.  His wife, TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND, was at a church evening service when it happened.  He was buried in the Mound Valley Cemetery in Thomas, Oklahoma right next to his mother, THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND. 

Historical Note: On the same exact day JOHN HARRISON PENLAND died, designer Howard Hughes performed the maiden flight of the Spruce Goose in California; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built (the flight lasted only eight minutes).

GENEALOGIST NOTE: In this obituary, JOHN was incorrectly listed as being born in Monroe County, Tennessee (his Spanish-American War Discharge paper correctly listed Polk County).  Further, JOHN’s brother, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND was incorrectly identified in this obituary with the wrong middle initial “W.B. Penland.”  Also, it incorrectly identifies Mrs. MAGGIE JENKINS as “Mrs. Mattie Genkins.”???

GENEALOGIST NOTE: JOHN HARRISON PENLAND was incorrectly identified as “John Henry Penland” in this funeral register.
TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND lived until the grand old age of 93 years and passed away on 15 November 1977.  She was buried at her husband’s side in the Mound Valley Cemetery in Thomas, Oklahoma and next to the plot of THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND, her mother-in-law.

Nearly seven months after TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND passed away, an order and decree was issued in Custer County, Oklahoma on    7 June 1978 to legally transfer her real estate to her children, EULA MAE (PENLAND) JACKSON, NORA FRANCES (PENLAND) MURRAY, and JAMES WILSON PENLAND.  This was a little surprising to JAMES because his father, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, had bought him a car when he was married and told him that would be his part of any estate when he passed on.  JAMES’ sisters were aware of it, but when the time came they included him in the estate settlement.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: EULA MAE PENLAND and CHARLES LEE ALEY were divorced in Florida in 1943.  Following the divorce, EULA MAE married her second husband, JACK JACKSON.

                                          JAMES WILSON PENLAND
                                                     1912 - 1991

JAMES WILSON PENLAND was the son of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE WILLIAMS, and the youngest of their three surviving children.  He was born in Copperhill, Polk County, Tennessee on 2 July 1912.  He began his education in the Copperhill School.

Historical Note: Just two-and-a-half months earlier, on the night of 14 April 1912, during her maiden voyage, the RMS Titanic hit an iceberg, and sank two hours and forty minutes later, early on 15 April 1912.  At the time of her launching, she was the largest passenger steamship in the world.  The sinking resulted in the deaths of 1,517 people, ranking it as one of the worst peacetime maritime disasters in history and by far the most infamous.

Those events must have seemed far removed from the life in Copperhill, Polk County, Tennessee.  Copperhill took its name from the principal product of the region and from the fact that the city is located on a hill.  It is located on the L&N Railroad and Highway 68, about 50 miles east of Chattanooga, Tennessee.(47)

On 4 March 1913, IZELLA PEARL MURRAY (who went by her middle name “PEARL” and later married JAMES WILSON PENLAND), was born on a farm near Thomas, Oklahoma.  Her mom, LILLIE PANNEBECKER, died one month after PEARL was born.  Shortly after LILLIE’s death, PEARL’s father, CHARLES MURRAY, had a public auction sale of all his property (other than real estate), then moved back to Missouri to work in the zinc mines.  CHARLES MURRAY gave PEARL to his oldest brother JOHN MURRAY and sister-in-law, ELLA LILES (both who were in their mid 40’s) to raise.  Nine months after LILLIE’s death, CHARLES MURRAY also died.  IZELLA PEARL MURRAY became the only surviving child of this family (they had earlier lost three sons at or near birth).  On 30 December 1913, about fifteen days before his death, CHARLES MURRAY recorded a will in Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri which was filed in Custer County, Oklahoma on 19 March 1914 where PEARL was being raised.  At the time, JOHN and ELLA MURRAY’s younger children, JOHN and BEATRICE, were ages 8 and 11 respectively.  The following year, their 18 year old daughter, JOSIE, although unmarried, had a baby boy, CLIFFORD MURRAY, on 3 November 1914.  JOHN and ELLA also took him to raise, so PEARL always considered CLIFFORD to be her brother.     As JOHN and ELLA’s children married and left home, it was PEARL and CLIFFORD who grew up taking care of their Mama and Papa.


I, Charles Murray, now residing in Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri, make this
my last Will. I give, devise and bequeath all my estate property and effects both real and personal and wherever located and particularly the South Half (½) of the South East Quarter (¼) of Section Eight (8). Township Fourteen (14) North, Range Fifteen (15) West I.M., containing 80 acres, located in Custer County, in the State of Oklahoma, to George W. Jones of Carterville, Jasper Countyu, Missouri, In Trust However For The Following Use  Uses And Purposes:-  After all my my just debts, the expenses of my last sickness and burial are paid, then the said George W. Jones is to manage,
control, invest, sell, re-invest and convey all of my said property and do every thing as fully in the premises as I can now do, and is to pay pay unto my said daughter, Izella Pearl Murray, for her support, maintenances and education, the income and earnings from my said property after deducting the necessary expenses of executing this trust, until she becomes Eighteen (18) years of age.  Should the income and earnings of my property be insufficient for her proper support, or in case the said George W. Jones
deems it for her best interest, he is directed to sell said real estate,  conveying same by a good and sufficient deed, and is to apply the proceeds of such sale, or of any other sale of property herein mentioned to the support of my only daughter Izella Pearl Murray as herein provided.   Upon my said daughter reaching the age of Eighteen (18) years the said George – Jones shall transfer, convey and setover unto her, after paying the necessary expenses of executing this trust, all the money, property or funds remaining unexpended in his posses sion and control under the terms hereof.
Should my said daughter Izella Pearl Murray die before she reaches the age of
eighteen (18) years then here portion hereunder shall go and be transferred to her heirs at law at once in the same manner as if she had have reached said age and been possessed of said property. I appoint the said George W. Jones executor of this will.

In Witness Whereof, I have signed, sealed, published and declared this instrument
as my will, at Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri, on this 30th day of
December, 1913.Chas.Murray

The said Charles Murray at said Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri, on said 30th
day of December, 1913, signed and sealed this instrument and published and
declared the same as and for his last will. And We, at his request, and in his pr
presence and in the presence of each other, have hereunto written our names
as subscribing witnesses.  H.B.Sanders, A.L.Stalter, R.E.Kane. Witnesses.

State of Missouri,
County of Jasper,SS.In The Probate Court.

I.N.H.Kelso ,Judge, of the Probate Court, of Jasper County, State of Missouri,
having examined the foregoing instrument purporting to be the last will of
Charles Murray deceased, signed by Charles Murray and having heard the
testimony of H.B.Sanders and A.L.Stalter, subscribing witnesses thereto,
in relation to the execu tion of the same, do declare and adjudge said
instrument to be the last will and testament of the said Charles Murray
deceased, late of Jasper County,Missouri.and the same is hereby


admitted to probate.
In Testimony Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of sa
said Court at the office in Carthage, Mo., This the 28 day of February, 1914.
N.H.Kelso,Judge of Probate.{Court Seal}
State of Missouri,
County of Jasper,SS.

I.N.H.Kelso,Judge of the Probate Court, in and for said County, hereby
certify the above is a true copy of the original Will and Certificate
of Probate of Will of Charles Murray deceased, as the same appears on file
and of record in my office.

Witness my hand, and the seal of said Court. Done at office in Carthage, this
9 day of March, 1914.N.H.Kelso,Judge of Probate Court.{Court Seal}
State of Oklahoma,
Custer County,SS.

This instrument was filed for record on the 19 day of March,A.D.1914.
at 8.0 Oclock A.M. and duly recorded in Vol.1 of Admr.on page 146-7.

Roy M.Davis,Regi ster of Deeds.{R.of D.Seal}.

By the time of the 1920 Tennessee census, the family of   JAMES WILSON PENLAND moved from Polk County to McMinn County, Tennessee.  The entire family was listed together, including THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTONG) PENLAND, the grandmother of     JAMES WILSON PENLAND.  JAMES was only 7 years old.

                     1920 CENSUS:  McMINN COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Enumerated 13-14 January 1920 (53)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 58, Sheet No. 23B:
419462 534Penland, John H.   HeadM45MTNTNTNMachinist L&N shop
Tine                                               Wife       F34MTNTNTN   None
Eula M.                                           Dau F15SOKTNTN   None
Nora                                               Dau F12STNTN TNNone
James                                            SonM7S  TN  TN      TNNone
Elizabeth                                      Mother  F66WdTNTNVANone

In this same time, IZELLA PEARL MURRAY, the future wife of JAMES WILSON PENLAND, appeared in the 1920 Custer County, Oklahoma census in the household of her uncle JOHN MURRAY.

                             1920 CENSUS:  CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
Enumerated 13-14 January 1920 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 7, Enumeration District No. 33, Sheet No. 1B:
FM14  14Murry, JohnHeadMW51MMOINILFarmer  Farm                                 EllaWifeFW49MMOTNILNone
                                   PearlNeiceFW 6SOKMOMONone
                                   CliffordSonMW 5SOKMOMONone

On 4 November 1921, EULA MAY PENLAND, the eldest sister of JAMES WILSON PENLAND, married CHARLES ALEY back in McMinn County,  Tennessee.

By 19 October 1922, JAMES WILSON PENLAND moved with his family to Oklahoma permanently, first living on a farm near the town of Thomas, and later near Weatherford.  JAMES quit school after the third grade to help his father on the farm.  He was a seventeen year old teenager still living at home by the time of the 1930 census. 

                      1930 CENSUS;   CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
Enumerated 23 April 1930 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 4, Enumeration District No. 20-10, Sheet No. 5B:
-  -  115Penland, John H.HeadM53TNTNTNFarmer                                               TineWife F 44       TNTNTNNone
                              JamesSon    M17TNTNTNFarmer
      Buckner, ClarenceNephewM23TNTNTNFarmer

Living not far away, IZELLA PEARL MURRAY, the soon-to-be wife of JAMES WILSON PENLAND also appeared in the 1930 Custer County, Oklahoma census, in the household of her uncle JOHN MURRAY.

                           1930 CENSUS:   CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
Enumerated 3 April 1930 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 20, Enumeration District No. 4, Sheet No. 1B:
21  21Murray, JohnHeadMW61MMOINILFarmer 
                                 EllaWifeF W 59MMOMOILNone
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                            ClifforSon  MW 15SOKU.S.OKNone

JAMES WILSON PENLAND met IZELLA PEARL MURRAY one day when they were both in a field picking cotton.  They were older teenagers at the time.  Back in 1925, JAMES’ sister NORA FRANCES PENLAND had married PEARL’s older brother JOHN MURRAY.  But because they did not live near each other, JAMES and PEARL really did not know each other.  They were married on 5 July 1934 in Custer City, Custer County, Oklahoma.  IZELLA PEARL MURRAY was always known by her middle name, PEARL. 
Just over a month after their wedding, many of their friends and family gathered to throw the newlyweds a wedding shower.

                                                      A KITCHEN SHOWER

On Tuesday evening August 14 one hundred and thirty one friends, neighbors and relatives gathered in the home of Mr and Mrs John H. Murray of near Thomas to give
Mr and Mrs James Penland of Weatherford a Kitchen shower.  The young couple were the recipients of many useful and beautiful gifts.  After the young folks had enjoyed the evening playing many out of door games, refreshments of ice cream and cake were served to the guests.  They all departed wishing the young couple much joy and happiness throughout their years of wedded life.  Mrs Penland will be remembered by her many friends as Miss Pearl Murray of the Thomas community before her

(newspaper source: Thomas Tribune, Thomas, Oklahoma, 1934.)


JOHN MURRAY and MARGARET ELLA LYLE (the uncle and aunt who raised IZELLA PEARL MURRAY from a baby girl) died in 1949 and 1951 respectively, and both CLIFFORD MURRAY and PEARL PENLAND were listed among their children to share in their estate.  Because CLIFFORD’s biological mother was receiving a share and PEARL had inherited her parents’ farm, some believed that neither should share in the estate.  However, after some emotional discussions among the children, it was decided that both should share as JOHN and ELLA MURRAY had requested.  CLIFFORD had built a house next to JOHN and ELLA, and he and his wife BEATRICE TOLLMAN took care of them until they died.  The farm PEARL had inherited from her parents was located just south of, and adjacent to JOHN’s.  She, JAMES PENLAND and their three children lived there until 1948, and were very close with JOHN, ELLA, CLIFFORD, and BEATRICE.  When JOHN MURRAY got very sick and was not expected to survive, he asked for PEARL to come and help take care of him.  She did, and stayed with him and ELLA until he passed away several weeks later.

JAMES WILSON PENLAND was a farmer until he and his family moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1955.  In Tulsa he worked at Douglas Aircraft Company until an injury ended that career.  He became a Custodian for the Tulsa Public School System.  PEARL worked for the Tulsa Public Schools as a cook and later as a school Cafeteria Manager.

JAMES WILSON PENLAND and IZELLA PEARL MURRAY celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in July 1984.

                                                  GOLDEN YEARS

                                                    The Penlands

                                    Mr and Mrs James Wilson Penland
                                       celebrated their 50th wedding
                                      anniversary Sunday with a family
                                     dinner and open house at the home
                                                  of their daughter.
                                  Izella Pearl Murray and James Wilson
                                 Penland were married July 5, 1934 in
                                            Custer City Oklahoma.
                                 Penland retired from the Tulsa Public
                                 School System in 1974.  Mrs Penland
                                 was cafeteria manager for the Tulsa
                                   Public Schools until she retired in
                            They are members of Ranch Acres Baptist
                             Children of the couple are Mrs Lavaughn
                           Martin, Tulsa, the Rev. James E. Penland,
                            Muskogee, and Colonel Charles E. Penland,
                                           San Antonio, Texas.
                          The Penlands have nine grandchildren and
                                          one great-grandchild.

                      ( newspaper source: Tulsa World, Tulsa, Oklahoma, July 1984.)

EULA MAE PENLAND, the oldest sister of JAMES WILSON PENLAND, died on 31 January 1989.

                                  In memory of Eula Mae Aley Jackson, 84
                                       who passed away on January 31, 1989.
                                 Mrs Jackson was born in Tishamingo, Oklahoma
                               and had resided in Jacksonville, Florida for many
                    years.  She was a member of the First Baptist Church.
                               She is survived by one son, Charles L.  Aley, Jr.,
                              Doctors Inlet; three daughters, Pauline Theriot, Katherine
                        Truett, both of Jacksonville and Geraldine Knight of West
                            Virginia;  one brother, James Penland, Tulsa, Oklahoma;
                            one sister, Nora Murray, Thomas, Oklahoma; nine grandchildren
                      and nine great-grandchildren.   Funeral services will be held
                           at 11:00 A.M. Thursday in the HARDAGE GIDDENS GUARDIAN CHAPEL,                              729 S. Edgewood Ave. with Rev. Tom Crisp officiating.  Internment
                       will be in Evergreen Cemetery.  The family will receive friends from 6:30
                    p.m. until Internment 8:30 p.m. TODAY at the funeral home.  The family
               requests that memorials or contributions be made to the City of
                                Jacksonville, Florida  Rescue Mission.  

JAMES WILSON PENLAND died two years later on 24 February 1991 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.  Historical Note: On the very same day, 24 February 1991, the United States and allies began a ground war assault on Iraqi troops in the Persian Gulf War, also known as “Operation Desert Storm.”

IZELLA PEARL MURRAY passed away on until 17 July 1997.

                                    CHARLES EUGENE PENLAND
                                                   born 1936 -

CHARLES EUGENE PENLAND is the son (middle child) of  JAMES WILSON PENLAND and IZELLA PEARL MURRAY.  He was born near  Thomas, Custer County, Oklahoma on 2 August 1936 and was named in honor of his maternal grandfather, CHARLES MURRAY and EUGENE SPEELMAN, the husband of JESSIE MURRAY, (eldest daughter of JOHN and ELLA MURRAY). 

Historical Note: On 1 August 1936, the day prior to the birth of CHARLES EUGENE PENLAND, Adolph Hitler opened the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany.  Hitler was going to prove to the world that the German "Aryan" people were the dominant race.  African American Jesse Owens had different plans.  By the close of the games even German fans cheered for Jesse Owens as he became the first American in the history of Olympic Track and Field to win four gold medals in a single Olympics. 

The family of JAMES and PEARL PENLAND had moved to northeastern Tulsa during the summer of 1955 when JAMES had taken a job at Douglas Aircraft Company.  Their middle child, CHARLES, was a freshman at Oklahoma A&M College beginning the summer of 1954.  During the spring of 1955 Weldon Feland, a friend who lived across the hall from Charles insisted that when he went home for the summer he must visit the Sheridan Road Baptist Church, where he and his sister’s family attended when he was in Tulsa.  He said they had a great youth department.  After arriving home for the summer break, CHARLES convinced his mother to visit the church.  He went into the youth department and sat down in the middle chair in a row where no one else was seated.  Just before the program started, a couple of girls came in and made a bee-line for the same row of seats.  They came into the empty row and walked in front of Charles to get a seat on the other side of him.  The second girl was a cute blond who was wearing what was called a “Sadie Thompson Dress” (a body hugging dress with a flared skirt about the knees) which she dragged across CHARLES.  She sat down beside him and introduced herself as PHYLLIS THOMASON.  The following summer, while parked at the local town lake one night ‘watching the lights’ CHARLES asked her to marry him.  They were married on 28 December 1956 in Tulsa, Oklahoma and their parents took them to Stillwater a week later on a very cold, icy day.  When they arrived, they discovered that someone had left the garage door downstairs open and all CHARLES and PHYLLIS’ apartment plumbing was frozen.  The parents suddenly remembered that they needed to get back home before dark and they had to leave quickly.

  Welcome to married life!  Frozen plumbing, heat not turned on, no automobile to go anywhere, PHYLLIS needed to get a job, and CHARLES had to get back in classes the next day.  He had already arranged with his former Head Resident at Cordell Hall (men’s dorm) to allow him to continue to work there during his free time.  He was receiving $.50 an hour for about 4 hours per class day and six to eight hours on Saturday.  The check for about $65.00 a month paid for the rent and bought some groceries.  PHYLLIS quickly found a job paying very similar wages.

During the summer of 1956 CHARLES had competed for, and received a slot in the advanced Air Force ROTC program so that when classes started in September of 1956 he was a Cadet Lieutenant headed for an Officer Commission upon graduation.  During the summer of 1957 new senior Cadet Officers were being selected by a board of officers for their senior year.  CHARLES was selected to be the Group Commander (Cadet Lt. Colonel and then Colonel) of the half of all Air Force cadets that drilled on Thursday each week.  All male students were in either Army or Air Force ROTC at Oklahoma A&M then, and they drilled for four hours on Tuesday or Thursday.

In June 1958 CHARLES graduated from Oklahoma State University, a member of the first class to graduate from the newly named university (Oklahoma A&M was no more).  The night of his graduation, CHARLES was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force, and later he received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Business. On 1 August 1958 Lieutenant CHARLES EUGENE PENLAND reported for duty to the Crystal Springs, Mississippi Air Force Station to work for the 627th Radar Squadron.


                                               PATRICK ALAN PENLAND
                                                          born 1963

PATRICK ALAN PENLAND is the son of CHARLES EUGENE PENLAND and PHYLLIS ANN THOMASON.  He is the second oldest of four children, and was born in Wiesbaden, Germany on 24 December 1963. 

Historical Note: Just one month prior to the birth of PATRICK ALAN PENLAND, John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, was assassinated on            22 November 1963 in Dallas, Texas.

Born in Germany to a United States Air Force Officer stationed overseas, PATRICK ALAN PENLAND had to become a naturalized citizen of the United States.  Six months after he was born, his parents moved to Maryland, and his father raised his right hand and swore allegiance to the United States of America for him. 

PATRICK received his Official Certificate of Citizenship on 17 May 1966.

   ( 1753 - 1829 )