A PENLAND FAMILY IN
          TENNESSEE & OKLAHOMA
    Noah R. Penland -- ca. 1858 - ca.  1898
In the 1830 Census of Cocke County Tennessee, a William Penland was listed with a wife named Margaret and several children.  Some of his descendants have come to believe that he is the same William Penland who married Mary Casey over in Roane
County in 1811.  That William disappeared in 1819 and eventually Mary and her children believed he had died.  However, researching every son of the four Penland brothers named William resulted in a conclusion that they were probably the same person.   Although specific proof has yet to be found, William is most probably an older son of George & Ann Penland.  Among the children of William & Margaret was a son named James.  Patrick Penland has researched his own family background which
leads back to  this James.  Following is some of Patrick's research:


NOAH PENLAND was born ca. 1858 the son of JAMES PENLAND and  LIZABETH LAURANA LUVINA RUNNION, and the second oldest of five children.  This conclusion was made from information presented in the 1870 Polk County Census, and also the
19 January 1871 divorce record of JAMES and ELIZABETH (both of which listed  NOAH PENLAND as their son).  The only child not listed in those two records was JOSEPH HENRY PENLAND, who was born six months after the 1871 divorce. 

Historical Note: On 16 June 1858 at Springfield, Illinois, former congressman Abraham Lincoln said "A house divided against itself cannot stand," in accepting nomination as the Republican candidate for U.S. senator.  "I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect that it will cease to be divided."  Lincoln lost to Stephen A. Douglas after a series of seven debates in which the Democratic incumbent had argued the country could endure half slave and half free, and people in the territories have a democratic right to choose; Lincoln called that argument morally bankrupt.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: NOAH’s only sister, MARGARET, was likely named after her paternal grandmother, MARGARET.  Also, the 1870 Polk County Census was the only time NOAH was listed with a middle name or middle initial.  The cursive handwritten 1870 census of Polk County is difficult to interpret, but NOAH’s middle initial appears to be either a “L” or “R.”


1870 CENSUS
POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE (26)

Page 25:
200Penland, James [Head of household]37MWFarm laborerTN
Elizabeth35?FWKeeping houseTN
James F. 14MWfarm handTN
Noah [?].  12MWfarm handTN
Margret   11 FWat home    TN
John H.     2 MW                
1880 CENSUS
POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE
6th CIVIL DISTRICT
Enumerated 23 June 1880 (28)

Supervisor’s District No. 2, Page 16:
234  235Pendlane, Noah [Head of household]22MFarmerTN
Thena E.28FWifeKeeping HouseTNTNTN
Jno. H.     2MSon                             TNTNTN
Mary J.    1FDaughter                      TNTNTN

NOAH PENLAND married THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG ca. 1876 and together they appeared in only one record in the state of Tennessee: the 1880 Polk County Census.  THENIE was eight years older than NOAH.
The next federal census was the 11th United States census, taken on 2 June 1890.  Unfortunately, most of the 1890 census was destroyed in 1921 during a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D.C.  This, combined with the apparent absence of any further record of NOAH PENLAND, provided evidence that NOAH died prior to 1900.  Family history passed down over generations also held that NOAH PENLAND died at a relative young age (approximately 40 years old), sometime around the year 1898.  Family history also indicated NOAH PENLAND was buried at Zion Hill Baptist Church in the city of Etowah, McMinn County, Tennessee.  Zion Hill Baptist is sometimes also listed in the town of Englewood, Tennessee. But, efforts to locate his grave at the church cemetery have been unsuccessful. 
Incredibly, before NOAH PENLAND’s premature death, he and THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG had a total of ten children:      JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, MARY JANE PENLAND, MAGGIE PENLAND, AMANDA PENLAND, SALLIE PENLAND, MATTIE PENLAND, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, ANNIE PENLAND, plus two infant sons who died at childbirth.  Even more incredible is that NOAH apparently fathered four other children with a woman named MARY AMMONS, who was about 17 years older than him, in Chattanooga, Tennessee.  At the time, his family with THENIE knew nothing about his second family.

GENEALOGICAL NOTE: In 2006, NOAH PENLAND’s great-grandson, CHARLES EUGENE PENLAND, had been corresponding with  LUCILLE PENLAND, the widow of ERNEST PENLAND, the eldest son of WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND and HATTIE MORROW.  He asked her if she had ever heard about NOAH having a second family and she replied that his father had told Ernest about it.  It had indeed happened!  The children were named WILLIAM RICHARD PENLAND, WILLIAM (BILL) AMMONS PENLAND (born 1874), MOLLY AMMONS PENLAND (born 1876), and ALFRED MARION PENLAND (born 16 September 1877).  It should be noted that ALFRED MARION PENLAND was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee just nine months after NOAH’s oldest son,  JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, was born in Polk County, Tennessee.

Remember, JAMES PENLAND (father of NOAH PENLAND) had been attempting to file for his Civil War pension from McMinn County, Tennessee as late as 1893.  About five years later, NOAH died in the county of McMinn, and just two years after that the family of NOAH PENLAND appeared in the 1900 census of that same county.  At the age of 49 years old, and with all eight children either married or living with other families, the now widowed THENIE PENLAND was forced to live on her own, working as a cook.


1900 CENSUS
McMINN COUNTY, TENNESSEE
13th CIVIL DISTRICT
Enumerated on 1 June 1900 (34)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 86, Page 263A:
Thompson, DavidHeadMJan 186634M8TNTNTNFarmer
Julie E.    WifeFAug 187128M854TNTNTN
Laura E.  DauFDec 1895 5           S     TNTNTN
Robin G.  DauMSep?1896 3         STNTNTN
Mary Allice   DauFOct 1898 1           S       TNTNTN
David Chas   SonMNov 18996/12     S       TNTNTN
Coss, SarahMothLaw  FOct 1830   69Wd7[?]TNTNTN
Penland, ThenieCook FOct 1850   49Wd42  TNTNTNCook


GENEALOGIST NOTE: In this census, THENIE PENLAND claimed to be the mother of just four children, only two of which were still living (presumably JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and MARY JANE PENLAND).  This may indicate NOAH fathered the remaining children with another woman???  It certainly raises questions. 

[Need to research Mary Ammons (Penland) to see how they fit in.   Noah would have been about 15 or 16 when she first began having children named Penland.  Dad has been in touch with an Army Lt Colonel, retired who is a great grandson (same relationship as Dad) of Noah.  He had an Aunt still living at the time, and he said he talked to her about it – she told him that “Noah Penland was the meanest man who ever lived”!  She told about one time when he had a falling out with Mary and he forced her to sleep on the porch one night when it was pouring down rain all night! Grampa JOHN HARRISON PENLAND used to say that Noah worked on the railroad – that could conjure up thoughts that if he rode the train he probably stopped off some nights in Chattanooga and other nights not too far away in Polk County. Not sure when they became aware Noah was married to Thenie as he had something going with Mary for at least four years before he married Thenie.]


1900 CENSUS:  McMINN COUNTY, TENNESSEE (34)
(Children of NOAH PENLAND and THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG)

date of birthmarital# years# of# of child.Fthr.Mthr.
  #namerelationcolorsex month/yearagestatusmarriedchild.livingplace of birth
83Lewis, M.J.headWFMar184159WD00NCNCNC

Penland, SalliecompanionWFJun188613STNTNTN

86Lewis, W.W.headWMJul187-25M[?]TNNC
TN

, LolliewifeWFDec187-27M[?][?][?]TNTNTN

Pendland, Mattie--WFAug188910STNTNTN



197Pritchard, R.H.headWMJun187722M2TNTNTN

, MandawifeWFAug188118M200TNTNTN

Penland, William B.in lawWMJan1892 8STNTNTN

360Brock, George W.headWMMay185545M20TNTNTN

, Mary M.wifeWFJun186039M2020TNTNTN

Penland, AnnieadoptedWFApr1894 6STNTNTN

414Buckner, GeorgeheadWMMay187723M0TNNCTN

,MaggiewifeWFApr188119M0TNTNTN


GENEALOGIST NOTE:  This was obviously a difficult time for the family.  NOAH was dead, THENIE was working as a cook, and their six youngest children were spread out across McMinn County.  MAGGIE and AMANDA were married, WILLIAM was living in the household of AMANDA, MATTIE in another household, SALLIE was listed as a “companion” in yet another household, and ANNIE had been adopted by a different family altogether.
GENEALOGIST NOTE: JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and his sister   MARY JANE PENLAND were the only children of NOAH and THENIE unaccounted for in the 1900 census (they were the two oldest children). 
THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND and her youngest son, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, reunited once again under one household for the Polk County, Tennessee 1910 census.

1910 CENSUS:  POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE  [Civil District Number 1]
Enumerated 5 May 1910 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 157, Sheet No. 12B:
209 223Pendland, Elizabeth HeadFW55Wd108TNTNVANone
William D. SonMW 18STNNCTNStackerLumber Yard

GENEALOGIST NOTE: THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND was listed as simply “ELIZABETH” in this census.  This is the first time she was listed in any record by her middle name. Perhaps this was to differentiate herself from her daughter-in-law,  TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND, who was sometimes referred to as TINIE. 

GENEALOGIST NOTE: JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and his sister       MARY JANE PENLAND were the only children of NOAH and THENIE unaccounted for in the 1900 census (they were the two oldest children). 

THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND and her youngest son, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, reunited once again under one household for the Polk County, Tennessee 1910 census.


1910 CENSUS
POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Civil District Number 1
Enumerated 5 May 1910 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 157, Sheet No. 12B:
209 223Pendland, Elizabeth HeadFW55Wd108TNTNVANone
William D. SonMW 18STNNCTNStackerLumber Yard


GENEALOGIST NOTE: THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND was listed as simply “ELIZABETH” in this census.  This is the first time she was listed in any record by her middle name. Perhaps this was to differentiate herself from her daughter-in-law,  TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND, who was sometimes referred to as TINIE. 
JOHN, the oldest son of NOAH PENLAND, moved to western Oklahoma in 1921.  JOHN’s sister, SALLIE (who was married and living in Knoxville, Tennessee), had their mother,  THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND, living with her.  THENIE was 82 years old in 1932, and apparently was having episodes of dementia, so SALLIE put her on the train headed for Oklahoma and notified JOHN his mother was coming to live with him.  When THENIE arrived she was very confused and may not have known where she was and who it was that was meeting her.  THENIE died the very next year, on 29 November 1933.  JOHN and his wife did not have the money to pay for a burial plot.   PEARL MURRAY (who was engaged to marry JOHN’s son JAMES WILSON PENLAND in a few months) volunteered to let them bury THENIE in her plot in the Mound Valley Cemetery in Thomas, Oklahoma.  PEARL’s parents were already buried there.  Eventually, JOHN and his wife  TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND, would also be buried there.

Historical Note: On 17 November 1933, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the United States of America recognized the Soviet Union, 16 years after the Russian Revolution.  Russia had not recognized the United States until 33 years after the American Revolution.  Catherine the Great, like many other European monarchs of her time, had feared the "republican virus" might be contagious.

                                                   OBITUARY
                         Thenie Elizabeth Penland was born
                         December 16, 1850 and departed this
                         life November 29, 1933, being 82 years,
                        11 months and 13 days of age.  She was
                        converted at the age of 16 and joined
                        the Methodist Church.  She was united
                        in marriage to Noah Penland.  All her
                              life except the last year, which she
                      spent with her son south of Weatherford,
                       was spent in Tennessee.  Surviving her
                       are seven children:  Will Penland and
                       Mrs Sallie Armstrong, of Knoxville,
                       Tennessee; Mrs Mandy Pritchard, Chat-
                        tanooga, Tennessee; Mrs Maggie Downey,
                       Chatsworth, Georgia; Mrs Mary Jane Harris,
                       Englewood, Tennessee; Mrs Mattie Martin,
                       Mascot, Tennessee; John Penland, Weather-
                       ford, Oklahoma.  A daughter, Mrs Anna
                       Ciplioles and two infant sons preceded
                       her in death.  She is also survived by
                       31 grandchildren.  She was a kind and
                       loving Mother and will be greatly missed
                       by all who knew her.
(newspaper source: Thomas Tribune, Thomas, Oklahoma, December 1933.)

GENEALOGIST NOTE: The fate of NOAH PENLAND’s only sister, MARGARET MALINDA PENLAND, is not known.  NOAH’s three brothers,   JAMES FREELAND PENLAND (sometimes referred to as just    FREELAND PENLAND), JOHN HARRISON PENLAND (sometimes referred to as just HARRISON PENLAND), and JOSEPH HENRY PENLAND also moved to Oklahoma.  They homesteaded land in southwestern Oklahoma when it was still called Indian Territory, prior to statehood.  The oldest brother, JAMES FREELAND PENLAND, died on   22 October 1932 and was buried in Comanche County, Oklahoma.   JOHN HARRISON PENLAND first moved from Tennessee to Texas around 1886, then finally to Oklahoma ca. 1904.  Unfortunately more erroneous data was given in the 1910 Jackson County, Oklahoma census as it showed JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s mother was born in Georgia, when, in fact she claimed to be born in Tennessee in the 1870 Polk County, Tennessee census. The youngest brother, JOSEPH HENRY PENLAND, moved to Texas by the 1910 Donley County, Texas census. He died on 26 November 1936 due to heart problems.

1910 CENSUS:  MURRAY COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
Enumerated 18-19 April 1910 (113)
Supervisor’s District No. 4, Enumeration District No. 206, Sheet No. 2B:
40  41Penland, James F. HeadMW54M21TN  U.S. U.S. General Farm
Martha L.WifeFW45M21  11 10TNTNTN
William F. SonMW18STXTNTNHome     Farm
Robert L. SonMW15STXTNTNHome     Farm
Oscar F.  SonMW14STXTNTN
Eugene   SonMW10SOKTNTN
Lillie A.    DauFW 7 SOKTNTN
Alta O.     DauFW 5 SOKTNTN
Owen       SonMW 2SOKTNTN

ALLENDALE CEMETERY, COMANCHE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (62)

James F. Penland  born (in Tennessee): 4 December 1855  died: 22 October 1932 at  77
Martha L. Penland (wife)born: 31 August 1865 died: 11 August 1938 at age 73
Robert Lee Penland (son)born: 25 August 1894died: 11 January 1919 at age 25

1910 CENSUS:  JACKSON COUNTY, OKLAHOMA [BAUCUM TOWNSHIP]
Enumerated 4 May 1910 (51)
Supervisor’s District No. 5, Enumeration District No. 135, Sheet No. 6B:
107  107Penland, Harrison HeadM42M15TNTNGAGeneral Farm
Mary L.  Wife  F32M1576TXALGA
Richard Son  M14S                            TXALGA
Mattie M.     Dau  F13S                            TXALGA
[?] L.      Son  M 8 S                                  TXALGA
Bessie B      Dau  F 6 S                            OKALGA
Odie O.   Dau  F 4 S                            OKALGA
Elizabeth F.  Dau F 1 S                            OKALGA
Jessie Nephew   M19S                            TXALGAFarm Labor

1910 CENSUS:   DONLEY COUNTY, TEXAS   [JUSTICE PRECINCT 4 ]
Enumerated 25 April 1910 (113)
Supervisor’s District No. 13, Enumeration District No. 104, Sheet No. 5A:
41  41Penland, Joseph H. HeadMW38M13TNNCNCGeneral Farm
Maggie M.WifeFW  36M1398TXNCTN
Clarence SonMW   11S                            TXTNTX
Rannie    SonMW   10S                             OKTNTX
Grant SonMW    9S                              OKTNTX
Guy W.     SonMW    8S                              OKTNTX
Floyd SonMW    7S                              OKTNTX
Judy E.    DauFW    3S                               TXTNTX
Irene DauFW     3S                               TXTNTX
Nettie M. DauFW    2S                               TXTNTX
Susie DauFW      11/12   S                               TXTNTX


JOHN HARRISON PENLAND   [1877 - 1947 ]
Not to be confused with his uncle (after whom he was likely named), JOHN HARRISON PENLAND was the oldest of the ten children (only eight of which survived birth) born to NOAH PENLAND and THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG.  He was born in Servilla, Polk County, Tennessee on 16 January 1877. 
      Historical Note: Just eight days earlier, on 8 January 1877, Crazy Horse and his Sioux Indian warriors fought their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain in Montana Territory.
JOHN HARRISON PENLAND first appeared as a two year-old in the 1880 Polk County, Tennessee census.

1880 CENSUS:   POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE    [ 6th CIVIL DISTRICT ]
Enumerated 23 June 1880 (28)
Supervisor’s District No. 2, Page 16:
234  235Pendlane, Noah [Head of household]22MFarmerTN
Thena E.28FWife Keeping HouseTNTNTN
Jno. H.     2MSon                             TNTNTN
Mary J.    1FDaughter                           TNTNTN

No other record of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND can be found until the Spanish-American War in 1898.  The war between Spain and the United States started after the American demand for Spain's peaceful resolution of the Cuban fight for independence was rejected, though strong expansionist sentiment in the United States motivated the government to target Spain's remaining overseas territories: Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Guam and the Caroline Islands.
Riots in Havana by pro-Spanish "Voluntarios" gave the United States a reason to send in the warship USS Maine to indicate high national interest. Tension among the American people was raised because of the explosion of the USS Maine on            15 February 1898, and "yellow journalism" that accused Spain of extensive atrocities, agitating American public opinion.
The war began on 25 April 1898, and on 29 June 1898   JOHN HARRISON PENLAND enlisted as a volunteer in Company D of the 6th Regiment of U.S. Army Volunteers. 
The war ended after decisive naval victories for the United States in the Philippines and Cuba.  On 12 August 1898, only 109 days after the outbreak of war, the Treaty of Paris, which ended the conflict, gave the United States control, among other territories, of the former Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam.
On 17 August 1898, five days after the war ended,   JOHN HARRISON PENLAND was tried by a Summary Court and was fined $5.00 (which was deducted from his pay) for “leaving the ranks without permission” during a regimental training drill. According to the Summary Court record, he “did commit a nuisance by falling out of ranks and urinating upon said parade ground, contrary to good order and discipline.”  His military record further recorded that in January 1899 he again was tried by a Summary Court, this time fined only $2.00 (which was also deducted from his pay).  No details were given on this particular offense, other than it was a violation of the same Article of War as his previous fine.  He was, after all, just a farm boy from the hills of Tennessee and needed to go to a bathroom!
JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s short military record summarized he served during the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico and the United States.  In fact, John was on board a ship headed to Puerto Rico when the war ended.  He was discharged on  15 March 1899 with the following remark on his service record: “service honest and faithful.”  It seems two minor infractions were not held against his overall service record.
One of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s sisters', MAGGIE PENLAND, married GEORGE BUCKNER in Polk County, Tennessee on  18 July 1899.  Following GEORGE BUCKNER’s death, she married S.R. Downey. 
Following his service in the army, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND found work as a laborer in a local lumber yard, then became a machinist for the Louisville & Nashville (L&N) Railroad.  This lie of railroad, the first to be built and operated in Polk County, was first known as the Marietta & North Georgia Railroad.  It was constructed about the years 1888-1889.
A Polk County resident once told of an interesting trip along the L&N railroad.  “There is one trip I shall never forget.  It was in September 1901.  Our train had reached the loop, and higher and higher we climbed on curves of steel until we had almost reached the top, when all at once the train began to slow up and finally stopped.  There was not a word spoken by any of the passengers for - well, it seemed an hour, but it was only a minute or two, when someone asked:  ‘What have we stopped for?’ and someone answered, ‘McKinley’s funeral.’”(46)
Six months prior to President William McKinley’s funeral, on 18 March 1901, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND married TINE WILLIAMS in Polk County, Tennessee.  TINE WILLIAMS was an Eastern Band Cherokee Indian.  She was 16 years old and he was 24.  She was the granddaughter of NATHANIEL BURCHFIELD (whose grandfather was alleged to be the Cherokee Chief OOWAHOOSKI) and JULIA CAROLINE MASHBURN (the granddaughter of the Cherokee Indian, JESSE MASHBURN).   

GENEALOGIST NOTE: TINE WILLIAMS was sometimes referred to by the nickname “TINIE” or “TINEY” in official documents.  It is said that the oldest daughter, EULA MAE PENLAND, insisted in putting it on certain documents after TINE died.  Neither of her other children agreed and they had been around TINE her entire life, whereas EULA had
not.
America’s national prohibition of the illegal manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages did not occur until 1920-1933.  However, during the 1890-1920 “Progressive Era,” hostility towards alcohol became politically widespread.  The Anti-Saloon League and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union were two influential advocates of prohibition at this time.  Illicit moonshine distilleries were certainly not tolerated, and therefore frequently raided.  On   6 March 1904, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND found this out the hard way.
   
                                      Illicit Distillery Raided.
                      Knoxville,  Tenn.,  March  6.—Revenue   of-
                      ficers  returned  tonight  from  a raid  made
                      in  the  mountains  of  Polk  County,   where
                      they destroyed a fifty-gallon illicit distil-
                      lery  and  arrested  James Penland  and James
                      Williams  while  they  were  at  work.   Pen-
                      land  was  a  Spanish-American  war  soldier,
                      serving   in   the   Sixth   Immunes,  United
                              States  Volunteer  Infantry.
                  (newspaper source: Galveston Daily News, Texas, 7 March 1904.)

GENEALOGIST NOTE: The above newspaper article wrongly identified “James Penland” as one of the men arrested when, in fact, it was JOHN PENLAND.  This conclusion was drawn from these three facts: following this incident, the 1910 Polk County, Tennessee Census listed only two Penland families, that of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and his mother THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND; the other person arrested, 15 year-old JAMES WILLIAMS, was the brother of TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND (JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s brother-in-law); there were only two Penlands from Tennessee who served in the Spanish-American War, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and   JOSEPH S. PENLAND (and only JOHN lived in Polk County and served in the Sixth United States Volunteer Infantry).
During a visit to Oklahoma, on 20 July 1904, EULA MAE PENLAND (JOHN and TINE PENLAND’s first child) was born in a town called Tishamingo, in what would later be a part of Johnston County, Oklahoma.  JOHN and TINE were almost assuredly visiting JOHN’s uncle, JAMES FREELAND PENLAND, who was listed in nearby Murray County, Oklahoma in the 1910 census.  Why were they on this trip?? Perhaps JOHN HARRISON PENLAND sought to remove his family from the trouble following his illicit moonshine arrest??  Was JOHN HARRISON PENLAND in jail and therefore TINE travelled alone to give birth?? 

GENEALOGIST NOTE:  JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s other uncle, also named JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, was living further west in Jackson County, Oklahoma in the 1910 census, while his uncle  JOSEPH HENRY PENLAND was living in Donley County, Texas.  The interesting thing about the 1904 Oklahoma visit is that it happened when TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND was many months pregnant.  Roads at that time were little more than trails and it was difficult to go anywhere, much less travelling almost a thousand miles.  Although by the time John & Tine moved their family to Oklahoma in 1921, he had uncles living in southwestern Oklahoma, there was never any mention of them, nor were there any known family visits with any of them.  As late as the date of TINE’s death in November 1977, none of their grandchildren had ever heard that they had relatives in Oklahoma.
       After JOHN and TINE PENLAND returned to Tennessee, they had six more children (only two of which survived birth).
  On 19 August 1907, TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND filed an application to officially be recognized as part Cherokee Indian under the 1909 Eastern Cherokee Roll (Guion Miller Roll).  The purpose of TINE PENLAND’s application was to claim a share of the funds appropriated by an Act of Congress and approved on  30 June 1906 in accordance with the Court of Claims of  18 May 1905 and 28 May 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokee.
Her claim was through her mother’s family, the BURCHFIELDs.  TINE’s mother was BETTIE BIRCHFIELD.  BETTIE’s father’s name was NATHAN BURCHFIELD.  NATHAN BURCHFIELD was married to JULIA MASHBURN.  Her father was WILLIAM MASHBURN, and his father was JESSE MASHBURN, the Cherokee Indian.  Thus, the BURCHFIELD family, by relation to the MASHBURN family, had enrolled for a share of the appropriated funds and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND was attempting to do the same.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: May need to investigate a copy of application #36529 (which was filed by Nancy Dennis, page 80) and compare it to TINE PENLAND’s application to determine the validity of the U.S. Government’s rejection. But, I think this was a type-o!
        The application of TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND was ultimately rejected, with the note: “Granddaughter of [application] 36529 claims the same source.”  Apparently this was a typographical error.  The application number in question was actually 35629; the application of NATHANIEL BURCHFIELD, uncle of her maternal grandfather, NATHAN BURCHFIELD??
Why?? TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND filed her MASHBURN Indian bloodline through her maternal grandmother, JULIA MASHBURN, and not her BURCHFIELD Indian bloodline through her maternal grandfather, NATHAN BURCHFIELD, is unknown.  Perhaps proving the BURCHFIELD Indian bloodline was much more problematic. 
Here’s how the Burchfield story goes...
Wilson 'Wils' Burchfield was in Carter County, Tennessee during the 1850 Census.  He and his wife, Elizabeth Baker, arrived in the Cades Cove area shortly before the Civil War (probably about 1860).  Wils chose to settle in what was later called Chestnut Flats, an area at the southwest end of Cades Cove.  A lover of sports and of the wilds, Wils loved to get as far away from civilization as possible.  Among his most prized possessions was a flintlock rifle which he named 'Old Bean' after the manufacturer, Bacter Bean.  Wils built his cabin just under Gregory Bald in the heart of the Great Smokies to escape any contact with the cove people.  Hating and avoiding contact with any form of institutional life...churches, schools, etc., he cleared his land and grew crops and hunted wild game to support his large family, in complete isolation from the mainstream of the cove people.  In 1873, he purchased the George M. Shields grant in the Chestnuts Flats.  (from "The Life and Death of a Southern Appalachian Community" by Durwood Dunn)
Wilson made a land entry for 5,000 acres which was on the north slope of the Smokies, including the Tennessee side of both balds.  It was approved (#1779, in Blount, Tennessee, dated the 21 November 1884).  He later assigned the grant to his sons, Ezekiel and Samuel.  On 26 February 1887, Ezekiel and Samuel were granted the 5,000 acres, by the State of Tennessee. (source: Land Grant, Tennessee State Archives)
In the condemnation proceedings to acquire property for the "Great Smokey Mountains National Park" (which would include Cades Cove), Chief OOWAHOOSKEE (pronounced as it appears) had taken a Cherokee Reservation grant number 198 on 21 July 1819.  That grant included the same 5,000 acres later claimed by Wilson Burchfield (Blount County entry number 1783 on 21 November 1884).  Later, Wilson's sons Ezekiel and Samuel claimed it as grant number 42061 on 26 February 1887.  Still later, in 1925, Nathan (Wilson's brother Samuel 'Long  Hair's’ son) claimed title to the same land from a treaty  of 1783, wherein Congress ceded title to the Cherokees for five million acres between the Tennessee and Holston Rivers and the crest of the Smokey Mountains, now the state line. 
Samuel appeared in the 1860 Monroe County, Tennessee census.
According to the 10 June 1899 edition of the Maryville Times, WILSON’s son, SAM “Long Hair” BURCHFIELD was arrested and charged with murder for the shooting death of George Powell, Jr. in December of 1897. (Powell was the nephew of George W. Powell, Sr. who married a Mary Ann Burchfield born 1834).  Sam and son-in-law Hale Hughes had conspired to kill Powell because he had given testimony against parties accused of making moonshine whiskey.  Hale Hughes was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.  Hale had written a letter in 1899 which he admitted he and Sam had conspired to kill Powell.  According to him, Sam shot Powell but said that if Powell had come by his position - he would have shot him.  It was well known that even closely related people routinely betrayed each other.  Illegal distilling was a highly competitive business and illustrates how there was a complete collapse of all law or social order in Chestnut Flats. 
A description of SAM “Long Hair” BURCHFIELD in the Maryville Times said:   Sam Burchfield is a man of 60 years of age, according to his own story, although he does not look it.  He is over 6 feet tall, has long coal black hair and a bushy head and moustache of the same color.  He keeps his hair curled and takes as much pride in it as any woman.  He has been, we are reliably informed, a well known moonshiner, and has been up before the Federal Court a number of times and found guilty.
Samuel claimed to be from the Cherokee Indian bloodline and his enrollment number was 37421.
In early 1905 Nathan’s brother Ezekial died and his wife remarried. She left their seven children with Nathan to raise.  During an enrollment of the Cherokees, Nathan  was  listed as number 36315  and he listed himself as the Nephew of  Nathaniel, an older son of Wilson whose number was 35629  (reference: M1104 - roll  284  microfilm)  Servilla, Tennessee.  Nathaniel was a Cherokee Indian and his enrollment number was 36315.  Nathaniel was a Cherokee Indian and his enrollment number was 37423?????
In NATHAN BURCHFIELD’s petition, submitted 23 November 1925 for he, his wife and nine children, he asked for a pro-rata share of the 1,500,000 acres of land he said had been granted to his great grandfather,  OOWAHOOSKEE,  an Eastern Band Indian.  He claimed that on 21 July 1819 OOWAHOOSKEE had been taken to Cherokee Reservation #195 in Tennessee (in Tillico River) in Monroe County, Tennessee. (This information is found in the Deeds Book 96, pp 489-90. It was filed in Knox County, Tennessee).  In addition, he said the full blood Cherokee Indian, Isaac Davis was another great grandfather and Elvina Davis was a paternal grandmother as would be shown in the Roll of 1852 of the Eastern Band of the North Carolina Cherokee Indians. Nathan 'Nate' Burchfield had built a cabin on the crest of the Smokie Mountains, between Parson's and Gregory Balds.  His claimed title included 5,000 acres of land on the Tennessee side of the mountain.
The courts held that none of the claims were valid.  In the Attorney's papers indicated OOWAHOOSKEE’s claim was indeed valid but the Burchfields holding the property could not show legal ownership (documentary proof) of descent.  Therefore, the Thompson grant which was otherwise inferior to OOWAHOOSKEE’s claim was deemed valid.  The Lumber Companies eventually won the right to cut the trees for lumber.  
JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and family were still living in Polk County, Tennessee in the 1910 census, along with his mother THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG and brother WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, who were together in another house not far away.


1910 CENSUS:   POLK COUNTY, TENNESSEE    [Civil District Number 1 ]
Enumerated 5 May 1910 (81)
Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 157, Sheet No. 12B:
209 223Pendland, Elizabeth HeadFW55Wd108TNTNVANone
William D. SonMW 18STNNCTNStackerLumber Yard

Enumerated 5 May 1910 (81)
Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 157, Sheet No. 13B:
237 252Pendland, John HeadMW33M102TNTNTNLabor  Lumber Yard
TinieWifeFW 24?M102TNTNTN
Eula DauFW 5S            TNTNTN
Nora DauFW 2S            TNTNTN
[Armstrong?], Burto  Boarder   MW21 STNUNUN?Labor  Plaining Mill
JacksonBoarderMW19STNUNUN?LaborPlaining Mill

GENEALOGIST NOTE: EULA MAE PENLAND was listed in this census as being born in Tennessee, but she was actually born in Tishlmingo, Oklahoma.  The next census (1920
McMinn County, Tennessee census) recorded it correctly.
Between 1910 and the enumeration of the 1920 census, the family of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND had moved from Polk County to McMinn County, Tennessee.  JOHN’s mother was now living with him, and his brother, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, was living nearby with a family of his own. 


1920 CENSUS:   McMINN COUNTY, TENNESSEE  [ 3rd CIVIL DISTRICT ]
Enumerated 5 January 1920 (81)
Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 58, Sheet No. 6B:
X   95 125Penland, William D.HeadM28MTNNCUnkn.Mach. Help. L&N shop
HattieWife F25M                 NCNCSCNone
Luther C.SonM4 11/12S        TNTNNCNone
Earnest M.SonM3 10/12S     TNTNNCNone
BeecherSonM11/12S            TNTNNCNone

Enumerated 13-14 January 1920 (53)
Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 58, Sheet No. 23B:
419462 534Penland, John H.HeadM45MTNTNTNMachinist L&N shop
TineWife F34M                         TNTNTNNone
Eula M.Dau F15S                     OKTNTNNone
NoraDau F12S                          TNTNTNNone
JamesSonM7S                         TNTNTNNone
ElizabethMotherF66Wd           TNTNVANone

GENEALOGIST NOTE: JOHN and WILLIAM were brothers living in the same county in this census, practically right next door to each other, and yet conflicting details were given regarding their parents (NOAH PENLAND and THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG).       JOHN HARRISON PENLAND correctly reported NOAH and THENIE were both born in Tennessee, while WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND reported NOAH was born in North Carolina, and did not know where his mother THENIE ELIZABETH ARMSTRONG was born (even though she was living nearby in his brother’s house).
In 1921, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND were still living in McMinn County.  McMinn County Courthouse records showed them buying land in June, and then selling the same land in August, just two months later.  The reason for the quick buy/sell is unknown.

Deed|  C.F. Sexton & wife| To  |  For and in consideration of the sum of Nine Hundred and Fifty dollars  J.H. Penland|of which Two hundred dollars is cash in hand to us paid,  the receipt of which  is  hereby  acknowledged  and  10 notes of  even date herewith for  $ $75.00 each with interest from date Due in  3-6-9-12-18-21-24-27  &  30  months from date and to secure the  payment of said  notes an  express lien  is hereby retained  on the property here conveyed.   We C. F. Sexton  and  wife  Linch Sexton  have granted,  bargained, sold and conveyed and do hereby grant,  bargain,  sell and convey  unto  J. H. Penland  his heirs and assigns the following described tract or parcel of land,  towit;  sit uated in the  3” Civil District of McMinn County,  Tennessee:  and described as follows Beginning at the  Corporation line on Alabama Avenue  and running  thence  North  with the road to  J. H. Milligans  line thence west with  J. H. Milligans  to  Frank Carlock’s  corner thence South with the Carlock line to John
Graves  line thence East with  Graves  and  Sexton  line to the beginning corner containing two acres  more or less  with the  hereditaments and appurtenances  thereto  appertaining, hereby releasing all claims to  Homestead  and  Dower therein  To Have And To Hold  the said premises to the said  J. H. Penland  his  heirs  and assigns forever  we hereby covenant with the said J. H. Penland  that we are lawfully seized and possessed of  the  above  described  premises have a  good and lawful right  to sell and convey the same and that  they  are  unencumbered and we  C. F. Sexton  and  wife  Linch Sexton  do further covenant and bind ourselves our heirs and our  personal representatives  to warrant and  forever defend  the  title of said premises
to  J. H. Penland  his heirs  and assigns forever  against the  lawful claims of all persons
whomsoever Witness  my  hands  this  the 6” day of June 1921
C. F. Sexton
Linch Sexton

State of Tennessee|ss   McMinn County|Personally appeared before me J. P. Thompson a Notary Public in and for said County and State  C. F. Sexton  and wife  Linch Sexton  the within named bargainers with  whom  I  am personally acquainted and who acknowledged that they executed the within Deed  on the day it bears date and for the purposes therein  expressed.  And  Linch Sexton wife of the said  C. F. Sexton  having  personally  appeared before me privately and apart from  her  said  husband  C. F. Sexton  acknowledged the said Deed to have been done by her freely.  voluntarily and understandingly,  without  compulsion or constraint from  her  husband and for the purposes  therein  expressed  Witness my hand and  Notarial  Seal  at office this 6
day of  June  1921  My commission commenced  Oct 5  1921 and will expire Oct 5  1924.

J. P. Thompson Notary Public



State of Tennessee|
McMinn County|11;45 A.M. O;Clock  February 20th 1922  Then was the foregoing deed with Notary Public seal and certificate received in my office noted in note  Book E  on page 332  and  Registered in  Deed Book 3-H Vol 2  on page 246 Tax paid.

   WE Graw[?]Register


Deed|
J. H. Penland & wife:   For and in consideration of the sum of Nine Hundred and fifty
To dollar of which Two Hundred dollars is cash in hand to us H. C. Powel  paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged  and  the  Assumption of 10 notes for $75.00 each payable to  S.F. Sexton  dated  June 6” 1921  due in  3-6-9-12-15-18-24-27  &  30  months  from date with interest from date and to secure the payment of  said notes an express lien is hereby retained on the property  here  conveyed  We  J. H. Penland  and wife  Tinie Penland  have granted,  bargained,  sold and conveyed and do hereby
grant,  bargain, sell and convey unto  H. C. Powell  his heirs  and assigns,  the following
described tract or parcel of land,  towit;   situated  in  the 3 Civil District of McMinn
County, Tennessee;  and described as follows  Beginning at the  Corporation line  on Alabama Avenue and running thence  North  with the road  to  J. H. Milligans  line thence west with J. H. Milligans  line to  Frank Carlock’s  corner thence South with the  Carlock line to  John Graves line thence East with  Graves  and  Sexton  line  to the beginning corner containing two acres more or  less  with  hereditaments  and  appurtenances  there  to  appertaining hereby  releasing all claims  to  Homestead and Dower  therein  To Have and To Hold  the  said premises to the  said  H. C. Powell  his heirs  and  assigns  forever we hereby covenant with the  said  H. C. Powell  that that we are lawfully seized  and  possessed of the above  described premises,  have a good and lawful right  to sell and convey the same  and  that  they  are unincumbered  and we  J. H. Penland  and  wife  Tinie Penland  do further covenant and bind our selves  our  heirs and our  personal  representatives  to warrant  and  forever defend the title of  said  premises to  H. C. Powell  heirs and assigns  forever against  the lawful claims of all  persons  whomsoever  Witness  our  hands this the  10 day of Aug  1921

his
J. H.X. Penland
mark
her
Tinie X Penland
mark


State of Tennessee|ss     McMinn County|Personally appeared before me J. P. Thompson a Notary Public in and for said County and State  J. H. Penland  and wife  Tinie Penland  the within named bargainers  with  whom I am personally acquainted  and  who acknowledged that they executed the within Deed on the day it bears date and for  the  purposes  therein  expressed  And Tinie Penland  wife of the said  J. H. Penland  having personally appeared before  me  privately apart from her said  husband  J. H. Penland  acknowledged  the  said  Deed  to  have  been done by her freely,  voluntarily and understandingly,  without  compulsion  or  constraint from her husband  and  for the purposes therein expressed. Witness  my  hand  and  Notarial seal at office this  10” day of  Aug 1921  My commission commenced  Oct 5 1920 and will expire
Oct 5 1924

J. P. Thompson Notary Public



State of Tennessee|
McMinn County|11;45 O;Clock A.M. February 20th 1922 Then was the foregoing Deed with  Notary Public  seal  and certificate received in my office noted in note  Book E on page 332 and Registered in  Deed  Book 3-H  Vol 2 on page  247 Tax paid

   WE Graw[?]Register



       JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND were residing in the town of Etowah, Tennessee in McMinn County when JOHN applied for his Spanish-American War military pension on   1 April 1922.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: Previously unknown information was uncovered in JOHN’s military pension application, including the revelation JOHN and TINE had had seven children total between the years of 1904 and 1920.  Four of the children, MARY LOUISE PENLAND and   MARION LOUIS PENLAND (twins), JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, Jr., and BENJAMIN FRANKLIN PENLAND had all apparently died around childbirth.  Consequently, nothing was known (certainly not their names) by family members prior to the discovery of this series of documents.

The three surviving children of JOHN and TINE PENLAND were the following: EULA MAE PENLAND, NORA FRANCES PENLAND, and  JAMES WILSON PENLAND.

By 19 October 1922, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND had moved permanently to western Oklahoma, first living near the small town of Thomas.  From there, JOHN sent a handwritten note (likely not written by himself) to the United States Bureau of Pensions seeking help in locating a doctor who could examine him for the purposes of filing his military pension application

JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND next appeared in the 1930 Oklahoma census.  Their youngest child (and only son), JAMES WILSON PENLAND, was still living at home.  Also living in the household was JAMES’ cousin CLARENCE BUCKNER, son of GEORGE BUCKNER and MAGGIE PENLAND (JOHN HARRISON PENLAND’s sister).


1930 CENSUS:   CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA,  CEDAR TOWNSHIP
Enumerated 23 April 1930 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 4, Enumeration District No. 20-10, Sheet No. 5B:
-  -  115Penland, John H.HeadM53TNTNTNFarmerFarming
TineWifeF44                              TNTNTNNone
JamesSonM17                           TNTNTN     FarmerFarming
Buckner, ClarenceNephewM23TNTNTFarmerFarming

GENEALOGIST NOTE: What’s the story behind Clarence (nephew)??  Where were his parents???

JOHN’s only brother, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND, was still living in Tennessee in 1930.  This time he appeared in the Bradley County, Tennessee census.


1930 CENSUS:  BRADLEY COUNTY, TENNESSEE ( 1st CIVIL DISTRICT )
Enumerated 16 April 1930 (81)

Supervisor’s District No. 13, Enumeration District No. 6-2, Sheet No. 9B:
- 189 190Penland, William D.HeadM42TNNCTNCarpenterHouse
Hattie F.WifeF32             NCNCSCNone
Luther C. SonM17           TNTNNCLaborerOdd Jobs
Earnest M. SonM14         TNTNNCNone
Beecher SonM11        TNTNNCNone
Ray SonM 8                 TNTNNCNone
[next census page]
William Jr.SonM 5SC       TNNCNone
Virginia A.DauF 3 3/12     TNTNNCNone
Orman G.SonM 1 2/12      TNTNNCNone


GENEALOGIST NOTE: Unlike the 1920 census, WILLIAM this time correctly identified his mother’s place of birth as Tennessee.  However, he once again reported his father’s birthplace as North Carolina even though it was, in fact, Tennessee. 
JOHN HARRISON PENLAND lived out the rest of his days in Oklahoma, where the next generation of this Penland lineage would also live.  On 2 November 1947, a Sunday evening, JOHN was walking in his back yard and suffered a sudden massive heart attack and died.  His wife, TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND, was at a church evening service when it happened.  He was buried in the Mound Valley Cemetery in Thomas, Oklahoma right next to his mother, THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND. 

Historical Note: On the same exact day JOHN HARRISON PENLAND died, designer Howard Hughes performed the maiden flight of the Spruce Goose in California; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built (the flight lasted only eight minutes).

                                  John Harrison Penland
                   John Harrison Penland, son of Noah and Thenie
                       Elizabeth Penland, was born  January 16, 1877 in
                       Monroe County, Tennessee and departed this life
                       November 2, 1947, at the age of 70 years, 9 months
                       and 17 days.   He was converted in his early thirties
                       and united with the Baptist Church in Tennessee,
                       later uniting with the First Baptist Church in Weatherford
                       Oklahoma.   All of hisearly life was spent in Tennessee.
                      In 1921 he and his family moved to Oklahoma where he
                      lived until his death.   He leaves to mourn his passing: 
                      His devoted wife, one son, James Wilson Penland of Thomas,
                     Oklahoma, two daughters, Mrs John H. Murray of Cloud
                     Chief, Oklahoma and Mrs Charles Aley of Jacksonville,
                     Florida.  Eleven grandchildren and one great grandson,
                     one brother,  W. B. Penland of Knoxville, Tennessee, five
                     Sisters, Mrs Albert Harris, Mrs Mattie Genkins, Mrs T. G.
                    Armstrong, Mrs Amanda Pritchard, all of Knoxville, Tennessee,
                    and Mrs S. R. Downey of Chatsworth Georgia.


GENEALOGIST NOTE: In this obituary, JOHN was incorrectly listed as being born in Monroe County, Tennessee (his Spanish-American War Discharge paper correctly listed Polk County).  Further, JOHN’s brother, WILLIAM DAVID PENLAND was incorrectly identified in this obituary with the wrong middle initial “W.B. Penland.”  Also, it incorrectly identifies Mrs. MAGGIE JENKINS as “Mrs. Mattie Genkins.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: JOHN HARRISON PENLAND was incorrectly identified as “John Henry Penland” in the funeral register.
TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND lived until the grand old age of 93 years and passed away on 15 November 1977.  She was buried at her husband’s side in the Mound Valley Cemetery in Thomas, Oklahoma and next to the plot of THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTRONG) PENLAND, her mother-in-law.
Nearly seven months after TINE (WILLIAMS) PENLAND passed away, an order and decree was issued in Custer County, Oklahoma on    7 June 1978 to legally transfer her real estate to her children, EULA MAE (PENLAND) JACKSON, NORA FRANCES (PENLAND) MURRAY, and JAMES WILSON PENLAND.  This was a little surprising to JAMES because his father, JOHN HARRISON PENLAND, had bought him a car when he was married and told him that would be his part of any estate when he passed on.  JAMES’ sisters were aware of it, but when the time came they included him in the estate settlement.

GENEALOGIST NOTE: EULA MAE PENLAND and CHARLES LEE ALEY were divorced in Florida in 1943.   EULA MAE later married her second husband, JACK JACKSON and they lived in Georgia.


                                     JAMES WILSON PENLAND
                                                             1912 – 1991
JAMES WILSON PENLAND was the son of JOHN HARRISON PENLAND and TINE WILLIAMS, and the youngest of their three surviving children.  He was born in Copperhill, Polk County, Tennessee on 2 July 1912.  He began his education in the Copperhill School.

Historical Note: Just two-and-a-half months earlier, on the night of 14 April 1912, during her maiden voyage, the RMS Titanic hit an iceberg, and sank two hours and forty minutes later, early on 15 April 1912.  At the time of her launching, she was the largest passenger steamship in the world.  The sinking resulted in the deaths of 1,517 people, ranking it as one of the worst peacetime maritime disasters in history and by far the most infamous.

Those events must have seemed far removed from the life in Copperhill, Polk County, Tennessee.  Copperhill took its name from the principal product of the region and from the fact that the city is located on a hill.  It is located on the L&N Railroad and Highway 68, about 50 miles east of Chattanooga, Tennessee.(47)

On 4 March 1913, IZELLA PEARL MURRAY (who went by her middle name “PEARL” and later married JAMES WILSON PENLAND), was born on a farm near Thomas, Oklahoma.  Her mom, LILLIE PANNEBECKER, died one month after PEARL was born.  Shortly after LILLIE’s death, PEARL’s father, CHARLES MURRAY, had a public auction sale of all his property (other than real estate), then moved back to Missouri to work in the zinc mines.  CHARLES MURRAY gave PEARL to his oldest brother JOHN MURRAY and sister-in-law, ELLA LILES (both who were in their mid 40’s) to raise.  Nine months after LILLIE’s death, CHARLES MURRAY also died.  IZELLA PEARL MURRAY became the only surviving child of this family (they had earlier lost three sons at or near birth).  On 30 December 1913, about fifteen days before his death, CHARLES MURRAY recorded a will in Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri which was filed in Custer County, Oklahoma on 19 March 1914 where PEARL was being raised.  At the time, JOHN and ELLA MURRAY’s younger children, JOHN and BEATRICE, were ages 8 and 11 respectively.  The following year, their 18 year old daughter, JOSIE, although unmarried, had a baby boy, CLIFFORD MURRAY, on 3 November 1914.  JOHN and ELLA also took him to raise, so PEARL always considered CLIFFORD to be her brother.  As JOHN and ELLA’s children married and left home, it was PEARL and CLIFFORD who grew up taking care of their “Mama and Papa.”

146#c.1888.
Will.
I, Charles Murray, now residing in Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri, make this
my last Will. I give, devise and bequeath all my estate property and effects
both real and personal and wherever located and particularly the South
Half (½) of the South East Quarter (¼) of Section Eight (8). Township
Fourteen (14) North, Range Fifteen (15) West I.M., containing 80 acres,
located in Custer County, in the State of Oklahoma, to George W. Jones
of Carterville, Jasper Countyu, Missouri, In Trust However For The Following Use
Uses And Purposes:-  After all my my just debts, the expenses of my last
sickness and burial are paid, then the said George W. Jones is to manage,
control, invest, sell, re-invest and convey all of my said property and do
every thing as fully in the premises as I can now do, and is to pay pay unto
my said daughter, Izella Pearl Murray, for her support, maintenances and
education, the income and earnings from my said property after deducting
the necessary expenses of executing this trust, until she becomes Eighteen
(18) years of age.  Should the income and earnings of my property be
insufficient for her proper support, or in case the said George W. Jones
deems it for her best interest, he is directed to sell said real estate,
conveying same by a good and sufficient deed, and is to apply the proceeds
of such sale, or of any other sale of property herein mentioned to the
support of my only daughter Izella Pearl Murray as herein provided.
Upon my said daughter reaching the age of Eighteen (18) years the said
George – Jones shall transfer, convey and setover unto her, after paying the
necessary expenses of executing this trust, all the money, property or funds
remaining unexpended in his posses sion and control under the terms hereof.
Should my said daughter Izella Pearl Murray die before she reaches the age of
eighteen (18) years then here portion hereunder shall go and be transferred
to her heirs at law at once in the same manner as if she had have reached
said age and been possessed of said property.
I appoint the said George W. Jones executor of this will.
In Witness Whereof, I have signed, sealed, published and declared this instrument
as my will, at Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri, on this 30th day of
December, 1913.

Chas.Murray (s)

The said Charles Murray at said Carterville, Jasper County, Missouri, on said 30th
day of December, 1913, signed and sealed this instrument and published and
declared the same as and for his last will. And We, at his request, and in his pr
presence and in the presence of each other, have hereunto written our names
as subscribing witnesses.

H.B.Sanders, A.L.Stalter, R.E.Kane. Witnesses.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CERTIFICATE OF PROBATE OF WILL.
State of Missouri,
County of Jasper,SS.In The Probate Court.
I.N.H.Kelso ,Judge, of the Probate Court, of Jasper County, State of Missouri,
having examined the foregoing instrument purporting to be the last will of
Charles Murray deceased, signed by Charles Murray and having heard the
testimony of H.B.Sanders and A.L.Stalter, subscribing witnesses thereto,
in relation to the execu tion of the same, do declare and adjudge said
instrument to be the last will and testament of the said Charles Murray
deceased, late of Jasper County,Missouri.and the same is hereby admitted to probate.
In Testimony Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of sa
said Court at the office in Carthage, Mo., This the 28 day of February, 1914.

N.H.Kelso,Judge of Probate.{Court Seal}
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
State of Missouri, County of Jasper,SS.
I.N.H.Kelso,Judge of the Probate Court, in and for said County, hereby
certify the above is a true copy of the original Will and Certificate
of Probate of Will of Charles Murray deceased, as the same appears on file
and of record in my office.
Witness my hand, and the seal of said Court. Done at office in Carthage, this
9 day of March, 1914.

N.H.Kelso,Judge of Probate Court.{Court Seal}
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
State of Oklahoma, Custer County,SS.
This instrument was filed for record on the 19 day of March,A.D.1914.
at 8.0 Oclock A.M. and duly recorded in Vol.1 of Admr.on page 146-7.

Roy M.Davis,Regi ster of Deeds.{R.of D.Seal}.

By the time of the 1920 Tennessee census, the family of   JAMES WILSON PENLAND moved from Polk County to McMinn County, Tennessee.  The entire family was listed together, including THENIE ELIZABETH (ARMSTONG) PENLAND, the grandmother of     JAMES WILSON PENLAND.  JAMES was only 7 years old.

1920 CENSUS:   McMINN COUNTY, TENNESSEE   (3rd CIVIL DISTRICT)
Enumerated 13-14 January 1920 (53)
Supervisor’s District No. 3, Enumeration District No. 58, Sheet No. 23B:
419462 534Penland, John H.HeadM45MTNTNTNMachinist L&N shop
TineWife F34            MTNTNTNNone
Eula M.Dau F15         SOKTNTNNone
NoraDau F12             STNTNTNNone
JamesSonM7            STNTNTNNone
ElizabethMotherF66   WdTNTNVANone

In this same time, IZELLA PEARL MURRAY, the future wife of  JAMES WILSON PENLAND, appeared in the 1920 Custer County, Oklahoma census in the household of her uncle JOHN MURRAY.


1920 CENSUS:   CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA  (DEER CREEK TOWNSHIP)
Enumerated 13-14 January 1920 (81)
Supervisor’s District No. 7, Enumeration District No. 33, Sheet No. 1B:
FM14  14Murry, JohnHeadMW51MMOINILFarmer  Farm
EllaWifeFW              49MMOTNILNone
JoseyDauFW           23SOKMOMONone
BeatriceDauFW       17SOKMOMONone
JohnSonMW             14SOKMOMONone
PearlNeiceFW            6SOKMOMONone
CliffordSonMW           5SOKMOMONone


On 4 November 1921, EULA MAY PENLAND, the eldest sister of JAMES WILSON PENLAND, married CHARLES ALEY back in McMinn County, Tennessee.


By 19 October 1922, JAMES WILSON PENLAND moved with his family to Oklahoma permanently, first living on a farm near the town of Thomas, and later near Weatherford.  JAMES quit school after the third grade to help his father on the farm.  He was a seventeen year old teenager still living at home by the time of the 1930 census. 

1930 CENSUS:     CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA  (CEDAR TOWNSHIP)
Enumerated 23 April 1930 (81)
Supervisor’s District No. 4, Enumeration District No. 20-10, Sheet No. 5B:
-  -  115Penland, John H.HeadM53TNTNTNFarmerFarming
TineWifeF44                              TNTNTNNone
JamesSonM17                           TNTNTNFarmerFarming
Buckner, ClarenceNephewM23     TNTNTNFarmerFarming


Living not far away, IZELLA PEARL MURRAY, the soon-to-be wife of JAMES WILSON PENLAND also appeared in the 1930 Custer County, Oklahoma census, in the household of her uncle JOHN MURRAY.

1930 CENSUS:   CUSTER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA  (DEER CREEK TOWNSHIP)
Enumerated 3 April 1930 (81)
Supervisor’s District No. 20, Enumeration District No. 4, Sheet No. 1B:
21  21Murray, JohnHeadM61MMOINILFarmer  Farming
EllaWifeFW                           59MMOMOILNone
CliffordSonMW                      15SOKU.S.OKNone
Pearl(Nlece)FW                     17SOKMOMONone


JAMES WILSON PENLAND met IZELLA PEARL MURRAY one day when they were both in a field picking cotton.  They were older teenagers at the time.  Back in 1925, JAMES’ sister NORA FRANCES PENLAND had married PEARL’s older brother JOHN MURRAY.  But because they did not live near each other, JAMES and PEARL really did not know each other.  They were married on 5 July 1934 in Custer City, Custer County, Oklahoma.  IZELLA PEARL MURRAY was always known by her middle name, PEARL.  Just over a month after their wedding, many of their friends and family gathered to throw the newlyweds a wedding shower.


                                                A KITCHEN SHOWER

                            On Tuesday evening August 14 one hundred
                            and thirty one friends, neighbors and relatives 
                            gathered in the home of Mr and Mrs John H. Murray
                            of near Thomas to give Mr and Mrs James Penland
                            of Weatherford a Kitchen shower.  The young couple
                           were the recipients of many useful and beautiful gifts.
                           After the young folks had enjoyed the evening playing
                           many out of door games, refreshments of ice cream
                           and cake were served to the guests.  They all departed
                           wishing the young couple much joy and happiness
                           throughout their years of wedded life.  Mrs Penland
                           will be remembered by her many friends as Miss Pearl
                           Murray of the Thomas community before her marriage.

                                  (newspaper source: Thomas Tribune, Thomas, Oklahoma, 1934.)



                                 {James & Pearl Penland are Patrick's Grandparents}