EARLIEST KNOWN RECORDS
                        With
  PENTLAND OR PENLAND NAMES
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   Is this the oldest document with signatures of
                              Pentland's??
Look closely at the 4th signature on the right.  It was signed by a "John Pentland".  Also look carefully at the signature just below his, we now believe that signature is a "George Pentland"
The reason for signing this Covenate was to tell the King that "Jresus Christ is the head of the church, not the King of England.  Many "Covenators", ( as they were called), were killed because of their stand against the King.  Pentlands were mostly devout Presbyterians.
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.
A  CHRONOLOGICAL  LIST  OF
   PENTLAND / PENLAND  RECORDS  PRIOR  TO  1800
     
(Note the many spelling variations of the last name)   [as  of  1 August 2010]
DATE:   before 1692
EVENT:    living in Lynn, Massachusetts
SOURCE:   "A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England Before 1692", 
Volume 3 [Pelton - Perit] , by James Savage

                          PENTLAND : -  NATHANIEL  PENTLAND,   Lynn
                                       
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DATE:  12 May 1736
EVENT:  witness for land deed in New Castle County, Delaware
SOURCE:  "New Castle County Delaware Land Records,   1728 - 1738", Record Volume K-1,
by Carol J. Garrett

                      492.  Deed.  12 May1736.  Grace Vance, relict of Owen Carthy of County of New
                       Castle, mariner, lately dec'd . . . . Witnesses: Richard Cantwell, Jacob Martin,
                       ALEXANDER PENTLAND.

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DATE:  24 February 1737 
EVENT:  Administrator's Bond for Alexander Pentland's Estate
SOURCE:  Delaware State Archives

                       . . . The Condition of this Obligation is such, That if the Above-bounden JOHN
                       PENTLAND Administrator of all and singular the Goods and Chattles, Rights
                       and Credits of ALEXANDER PENTLAND late of New-Castle County, aforesaid,
                       deceased, do make a true and perfect Inventory . . .   
                                                                                                                        JOHN PENTLAND
                                                                                                                   GEORGE PENTLAND
                                                                                                                          John McFarland
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DATE:  19 July 1748
EVENT:  court proceeding
SOURCE:   "Orphans' Court Proceedings of New Castle County, Delaware,  1742 - 1761",
by F. Edward Wright

                         GEORGE PENTLAND, administrator of the estate of JOHN PENTLAND, who
                          was cited to appear to make a final settlement, came into Court and
                          produced the account of his administrator Balance:  1 . 15 . 8

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DATE:   13 August 1751
EVENT:   land record in New Castle County, Delaware
SOURCE:  Pennsylvania State Archives, 5 Volumes; 7th Series,  Caveat Book No.  1,
page  181.

                         GEORGE PENTLAND  Enters a Caveat against David Evans, Abraham Evans,
                         & Joshua Baker them or any of them having any confirmation from the
                         Proprietaries of their Land in St. George's Hundred, Newcastle County. 
                         Adjoining or interfering with s'd  GEORGE PENTLAND till the matters in
                         difference be heard.
                                                                                                                Richard Peters
                         To  Nicholas Senil?,   Surveyor General
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DATE:  24 May 1755
EVENT:  land record in New Castle County, Delaware
SOURCE:   Pennsylvania State Archives, RG-21, Records of the Proprietary Government
Provincial Council,   1682 - 1776,  General Correspondence, Including James Logan
Papers, 1700 - 1772   (12 folders).

                         GEORGE PENTLAND requesting withdrawal of caveat against David and
                         Abraham Evans.

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DATE:   23 September 1760
EVENT:  inventory of George Pentland's Estate
SOURCE:  Delaware State Archives

                          New Castle County -- --
                          An inventory of the goods Chattles Rights & Credits which were of GEORGE
                          PENTLAND late of this county deceased . . .

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DATE:   2 June 1762
EVENT: marriage in New Castle County, Delaware
SOURCE:   "Early Church Records  of New Castle County",  Volume  1,  by F. Edward Wright

                          WILLIAM PENLAND of St. George's Hundred, Annis Donnal of New London
                          Township Chester County, single woman, surety, John Rankin of New Castle
                          County, witnessed by Samuel Dougall.

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DATE:  22 April  1765
EVENT:  presided over marriage in New Castle County, Delaware
SOURCE:  "Early Church Records of New Castle County",   Volume 1, by F. Edward Wright

                          Samuel Vail of St. George's Hundred, Christiana Chuck, surety, WILLIAM
                           PENLAND of same  St. George's Hundred, witnessed by Will Spencer and
                           Stephen Spencer.

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DATE:  1775 -- 1783
EVENT:   American Revolutionary War
SOURCE:  (SEE EACH RECORD)
             
                           CONNECTICUT  (service and pension records)
                                 THOMAS PENTLAND, Private, 2nd Regiment Light Dragoons
                           DELAWARE   (muster roll and service records)
                                  ALEXANDER PENLAND, Private,  Capt. Smith's Company, Deleware Regiment
                           NORTH CAROLINA   (NC Revolutionary Army Accounts, pensions)
                                  WILLIAM PENLAND, Captain, Col. Charles McDowell's Company
                                     (mentioned in many soldiers' pension applications)
                                  ROBERT PENLAND,  (rank),  Col.  Charles  McDowell's  Company
                                      (mentioned in John Pentland's pension application)
                                  GEORGE PENLAND,  (rank),  Col.  Charles McDowell's Company
                                  JOHN PENLAND,   (denied pension as Private [subatitute for Robert Penland]
                                        serving under Capt. Jonathan Kemp and Col. Charles McDowell)
                                  HIRIM PENDLON,  Private, Col.  Gideon Lamb,  6th NC Regiment,
                                        (muster roll of Part of the 6th   NC Regiment)

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DATE:  7 June 1780
EVENT:  entering a deed in Jefferson & Lincoln Counties, Kentucky
SOURCE:  "Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds",  by Willard Rouse Jillson.

                               PINDLAND,  ALEX.              200  acres     Paint Lick Creek,  Jefferson Co.
                               PENDLAND, ALEXANDER   200  acres    Fork Paint Lick, Limcoln Co.   Withdrawn

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DATE:  16 April 1781
EVENT:  entering a deed in Lincoln  County, Kentucky
SOURCE:  "Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds",  by Willard Rouse Jillson

                              PENDLAND,  ALEXANDER    299  acres      Paint Lick,   Lincoln Co.

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DATE:   18 December 1782
EVENT:  entering a deed in Fayette County, Kentucky
SOURCE:  "Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds",  by Willard  Rouse  Jillson

                               PENLAND,  ALEXANDER         400  acres  Raven  Creek, Fayette Co.,   Surveyed 

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DATE: 26 December 1782 
EVENT:  entering a deed in Fayette County, Kentucky
SOURCE:  "Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds",   by Willard Rouse Jillson

                               PENLAND, ALEXANDER         1600  acres    W Br Licking,  Fayette Co.    Surveyed

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DATE:  15 January 1783  
EVENT:   entering a deed in Fayette County, Kentucky
SOURCE:  "Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds,"   by Willard Rouse Jillson

                              PENLANG, ALEX.                 500 acres        E  Br  Stoners Fork,  Fayette  Co.

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DATE:  16 August 1784
EVENT:    entering a deed in Fayette County, Kentucky
SOURCE:   "Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds",     by Willard Rouse Jillson

                              PENLAND,  ALEXANDER              400  acres         ---    Fayette Co.,   Surveyed

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DATE:   13 March 1785
EVENT:     marriage in Swedes' Church, Pennsylvania
SOURCE:     "Marriage  Record of ehe Swedes' Church,    1750 - 1810",  by Gloria Dei.

                              1785,  March 13, Susannah Evans and JAMES PENLAND

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DATE:  1790
The 1790 census schedules for Delaware no longer exist as they were burned by the British during the
War of 1812.  

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DATE:  11 January 1790
EVENT:  First Census of Kentucky
SOURCE:  Fayette County, Kentucky Tax List

               ALEX. PENLIN   [ Head of household ]   

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DATE:  1790
EVENT:   First Census of the United States
SOURCE:  Philadelphia County ,  Pennsylvania

                                   Northern Liberties Town:
                                   JAMES PENTLAND   [ Head of household ]
                                              3  Free white male, of 16 years and upwards
                                              4  Free white males, to 16 years of age
                                              1  Free white females

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DATE:  1790
EVENT:   First  Census of the United States
SOURCE:  Burke County, North Carolina

                                    3rd Company,   Page  91,  Line  2:
                                    ROBT.    PENLAND   [ Head of household ]
                                             1  Free white male,  of 16 years and upwards
                                             4  Free white males, to 16 years of age
                                             6  Free white females
                                             1  Slave

                                    3rd Company, Page  91,  Line   3:
                                    GEORGE PENLAND   [ Head of household ]
                                             3  Free white males, of 16 years and upwards
                                             2  Free white males, to 16 years  of age
                                             5  Free white females

                                    3rd Company,     Page  91,  Line  18:
                                    WM.  PENLAND     [ Head of household ]        
                                             5  Free white males, of 16  years and upwards
                                             2  Free white males, to 16 years of age
                                             3  Free white females
                                             1  Slave

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DATE:  4 October 1790     
EVENT:  land record in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania 
SOURCE:  Pennsylvania State Archives,  RG-17,   Records of the Land Office, Warrant Registers,   1733 - 1957,
series   #17.88.

                                     37   PENTLAND,  JAMES     survey         400 acres    4 October 1790 . . . .

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DATE:  1794
EVENT:   Occupation listing in Burke County, North Carolina
SOURCE:  "Burke County, North Carolina, 1755 - 1821   (including Wills Index  1784 - 1900)",  Volume  IV, by
Edith Warren Huggins  

                                       Spinning wheel maker:   JOHN  PENLAND    1794.

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DATE:   23 April 1794
EVENT:  presiding over a land transfer in Burke County, NC
SOURCE:  "Burke County, North Carolina,   1755 - 1821  (Including Wills Index  1784 - 1900)",  Volume  IV, by
Edith Warren Huggins.

                                        Andrew Miller to Paul Anthony, a lot,  Apr.  23,  1794:     Presiding:  GEORGE PENLAND.

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DATE:  1 May  1794
EVENT:   presiding over a marriage in Burke County, North Carolina
SOURCE:  "Burke County, North Carolina  1755 - 1821  (Including Wills Index   1784 - 1900)",  Volume IV,
by Edith Warren Huggins

                                        William  Hamilton and Elizabeth to Joseph Hughey for love, May 1, 1794; 
                                        presiding:  WILLIAM PENLAND

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DATE:  July  1794
EVENT:  land transfer in Burke County, North Carolina
SOURCE:  "Burke County, North Carolina,  1755 - 1821  (Including Wills Index  1784 - 1900)",  Volume IV, by
Edith Warren Huggins.

                                       GEORGE PENLAND  TO John Erwin ,        200  Acres,   Mar.  5,   1794; 
                                       presiding:   John  Parks